Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in degraded and recovering Amazonian and Atlantic forests

Lead Research Organisation: Lancaster University
Department Name: Lancaster Environment Centre

Abstract

Tropical forests hold more species of plant and animal than any other kind of terrestrial environment, and store large amounts of greenhouse gases in their trees and soils. Yet most of us are aware that they are also highly threatened by human activities, with media attention often focussing on deforestation - when forests are replaced with alternative land-uses, such as agriculture and cattle ranching. However, forests are also being modified in other ways, when trees are felled for the commercial extraction of timber, or when forest burn in abnormally dry years. These events are known as forest degradation, and affect a larger area of land than deforestation alone.

The widespread nature of forest degradation means it is very important to understand whether these human-modified forests are performing similar roles as intact primary forests. How much carbon and nitrogen do they hold, and are these nutrients cycled between the leaves and the forest floor at similar rates as in primary forests? Can these ecosystem processes by predicted by characteristics of the vegetation itself (such as leaf shape and format, and the rate it carries out photosynthesis). And crucially, what are the implications of these changes for the future of these forests - are they able to resist additional modification? This project will answer these questions in two separate Brazilian biomes, the Atlantic Forests of Sao Paulo and the Amazon forests near the city of Santarem. The data we collect in two years of fieldwork will be used to improve our understanding of forest functioning, and can help develop computer simulations of forests. These simulations can then be used to examine how forests may respond to changes in climate, or other human impacts such as logging or fire.

These forests are also crucial for biodiversity conservation, as many rare and endemic species are only found in landscapes where forests have already been heavily modified by humans. It is important to assess to what extent they help conserve these species, and what factors could be managed to improve their conservation value. Tropical forests hold a bewildering number of species, and so many of these species are yet to be described. It is therefore important to focus on groups of species which are well known, making birds and plants are two ideal species groups.

The detailed work on forest functioning will take place in a limited number of forest plots, as we are limited by the many precise measures that need to be taken over time. In contrast, biodiversity is much quicker to sample, allowing us to examine much larger areas of around one million hectares in the Amazon and in the Atlantic Forest. As well as examining biodiversity in these landscapes, this project will also assess changes in species traits, which are characteristics that link species to the many tasks they perform in nature. By doing so, we will be able to examine the extent to which human-modified forests are losing key ecosystem processes, such as pollination from long-beaked hummingbirds, or the ability of trees to assimilate and store large quantities of carbon. This will provide us with a much better idea of how the many different kinds of human activity are affecting biodiversity, which is important if we are to design landscapes that help protect the many species of conservation concern.

For too long, important scientific knowledge has remained locked away in learned journals, and has failed to inform and influence policies. We are determined not to let this happen with our research, as we believe it will produce important insights that can help us preserve the ecological stability of tropical forests and the biodiversity they contain. To facilitate these impacts, we will make every effort to disseminate our findings. These activities include producing a series of short films for YouTube, linking with local schools, and writing policy briefs.

Planned Impact

The scaling up of the tropical forest simulator in Objective 3 will provide guidance on the vulnerability of tropical forest systems to anthropogenic modification, including the synergistic threats of forest degradation and climate change induced droughts. This is relevant for IPCC, the Conferences of Parties of the UNFCCC, and global non-governmental organisations such as The Nature Conservancy, World Wildlife Fund, Conservation International.

Objective 2 and 3 will provide precise policy options outlining the environmental and social benefits of avoiding degradation and encouraging forest restoration for the municipalities of Santarém-Belterra in the Amazon and for c. 30 municipalities that cover the region of interest in the Paraiba do Sul basin in São Paulo. This information will help State and Federal policy makers in Brazil to evaluate existing policies and test new possibilities.

Objective 1 will help inform the managers of protected areas (Serra do Mar park and the Tapajós National Forest) about the sustainability of forest management activities and their impact on forest dynamics and biodiversity. Specifically, this will address reduced impact logging in the Tapajós National Forest and the long-term impacts of conventional logging in the Serra do Mar.
 
Description Developments so far include:

1) Communication within consortia, among consortia and with external actors through development of a programme website, with separate portals for each consortia (BALI-ECOFOR-LOMBOK.
2) 4 postgraduate studentships awarded to scholars through Universiti Malaysia Sabah, working in collaboration with the SAFE project and SEARRP.
3) Dissemination campaigns including blogs, newsfeeds and videos of our researchers in the field shown on consortia websites.
4) Appointment of a Programme Data Manager(DM). DM has set up database of all HMTF consortia members and their roles with respect to datasets. Data creators and processors have been contacted, asked to identify datasets and provide documentation and metadata information. Primary datasets identified: LOMOBOK - majority; BALI - in progress and ECOFOR - to be identified during upcoming meeting at Oxford.
5) Successful meeting on data sharing involving SAFE, LOMBOK and BALI at Imperial College Silwood Park in February 2016, discussing and resolving overlapping and complementary research objectives and data gaps.
6) HMTF programme management meetings held every 2 months involving PI's from BALI, ECOFOR and LOMBOK.
Exploitation Route By supporting the dissemination of project results. In particular, providing detailed feedback to key stakeholders, including landholders, relevant industries, and local and national government departments.
Sectors Environment
URL http://www.hmtf.info
 
Description Members of the programme management group (e.g. Glen Reynolds, Jennifer Lucey) have engaged in and contributed to international policy-making activities, informed by the research of the HMTF Programme. This includes the work of the Roundtable for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
 
Description workshop on orchid identification skills at the Serra do Mar State Park
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact In November 2016, the Atlantic Forest Team ran a workshop on identification of orchids for 17 staff members of the Serra do Mar State Park, enabling them to use the newly acquired skills to improve the visitors' knowledge on local diversity.
 
Description "Tesouros do Vale do Paraiba" workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In November 2016, Edicson Parra ran an outreach event entitled 'Tesouros do Vale do Paraiba' (Treasures of the Paraiba Valley), in which he presented the results of his research to a wide audience consisting of more than 200 people including community leaders, school children and tourists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.dropbox.com/home/ECOFOR%20SHARED%20FOLDER/NEWSLETTERS?preview=NEWSLETTER-13.pdf
 
Description A destruição que ninguém vê: article in Ciência hoje 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Brazilian magazine Ciência hoje is one of the major science dissemination magazines in Brazil. In April 2016 it published an article by ECOFOR researchers in which they explain the impacts of deforestation and forest degradation to the wide public. The article has been shared widely on social media, as well as attracting response from the public in the comments space.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.cienciahoje.org.br/revista/materia/id/1046/n/a_destruicao_que_ninguem_ve
 
Description ATBC Hawaii July 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Several project members delivered presentations at the ATBC (Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation) conference in Hawaii in July 2015. This is one of the most significant events in the field of tropical biology and is attended by the leading experts in the area. The ECOFOR presentations were delivered to a numerous audience and helped greatly to increase the awaereness about the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.atbc2015.org/
 
Description ATBC Montpellier - a presentation by Erika Berenguer 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Erika Berenguer presented the preliminary results of the ECOFOR project at the ATBC 2016 in Montpellier. Her presentation was very well-attended and was followed by numerous questions from the audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Article about the El Nino fires in the Ecologist 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In December 2015, the online magazine Ecologist published the article by Jos Barlow and Erika Berenguer about the El Nino fires in the Amazon. The Ecologist is a well-established and widely read amongst general public with interest in Ecology and has contributed towards raising the awareness about the research of the ECOFOR researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.theecologist.org/News/news_round_up/2986546/18000_fires_rage_in_brazils_amazon_rainforest...
 
Description Article in Epoca: Dano causado pela degradação da Amazônia está subestimado (June 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Epoca is one of the most widely read magazines in Brazil. In June 2014, it published an article (in the section 'blog do planeta') based on an interview with Erika Berenguer in which Erika speaks about the amounts of carbon released as a result of forest degradation, which she has been focusing on in her past research as well as within the ECOFOR project. In the article, Erika draws the attention of the general public as well as policy-makers to the need for policies to control the forest degradation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://epoca.globo.com/colunas-e-blogs/blog-do-planeta/noticia/2014/06/dano-causado-pela-bdegradacao...
 
Description Article in Epoca: Desmatamento e queimadas voltam a aumentar na Amazônia (November 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In November 2015, Epoca, one of the most widely read magazines in Brazil, published an article on fires and deforestation in the Amazon, based on information provided by Erika Berenguer. Erika's quotes and pictures are used in the article. The article is an important contribution towards increasing the knowledge of the general public on the causes and effects of fires in the Amazon.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://epoca.globo.com/colunas-e-blogs/blog-do-planeta/noticia/2015/11/desmatamento-e-queimadas-volt...
 
Description Article in Globo: El Nino agrava seca e faz Amazona arder 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Brazilian information server O Globo published an article in which Erika Berenguer explains the impacts of the fires that were raging in the Amazon as a result of El Nino, which she witnessed during her fieldwork for the ECOFOR project. The article sparked a discussion on the relation between the fires and ecologic legislation amongst the Brazilian readers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://oglobo.globo.com/brasil/el-nino-agrava-seca-faz-amazonia-arder-18354874
 
Description Article in Globo: Recorde de queimadas na Amazonia causa perda de biodiversidade 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact O Globo, the largest Brazilian newspaper decided to do a follow-up story on the El Niño fires with photos and quotes from Erika Berenguer and Nárgila Moura from the Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, a partner institution of the ECOFOR project. The article is a valuable contribution to raising the awareness about the consequences of the fires in the Amazon, as well as the importance of the work of the ECOFOR researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://oglobo.globo.com/sociedade/sustentabilidade/recorde-de-queimadas-na-amazonia-causa-perda-de-b...
 
Description Article in Nature World News quoting Jos Barlow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In June 2016 the Nature World News, a website featuring science news, research, and articles, published an article based on Jos Barlow's paper published in the Nature. The article informs the general public about the issue of wildfires in tropical forests and has generated a reaction from the public in the comments space.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/24506/20160630/amazon-rainforest-wildfires-biodiversity-defo...
 
Description Article in Paralel Taarruz (Turkey, May 2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The information from Erika Berenguer's interview on carbon losses in degraded forests was also published by the Turkish newspaper Paralel Taarruz, disseminating the results of the research in the Eastern Amazon to the Turkish general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.paraleltaarruz.com/karbon-kaybi-tropikal-ormanlari-hafife#ndl
 
Description Article in Planet Experts (May 2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The information from Erika Berenguer's interview was also used in an article published at the media platform Planet Experts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.planetexperts.com/forest-degradation-incurs-54-billion-tonnes-of-carbon-loss/
 
Description Article in Science World Report 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Information from Erika Berenguer's interview on carbon loss in degraded forests was published by Science World Report. Through this site, it was also shared by readers on social media (facebook).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scienceworldreport.com/articles/14918/20140523/amazon-rainforest-threatened-devastating-h...
 
Description Article in the Voice of Russia: Carbon losses from tropical rainforests seriously underestimated - study (May 2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Erika Berenguer talked about the carbon loss in damaged rain-forests with the Russian online newspaper sputniknews.com. In this way, the information about the research in Eastern Amazon reached Russian media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://sputniknews.com/voiceofrussia_uk/news/2014_05_27/Carbon-losses-from-tropical-rainforests-seri...
 
Description Atlantic Forest Team poster presentation at ATBC 2016 (Montpellier) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In June 2016, the Atlantic Forest Team presented a poster entitled 'Carbon and water economy are decoupled in the Atlantic forest (São Paulo, Brazil)'. The poster received a lot of attention from the public and stirred a discussion on water management.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BBC article: Amazon fires: Humans make rainforest more flammable 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In June 2016, BBC News online published an article by ECOFOR researchers about the influence of humans on rainforests, BBC News is one of the most widely read news servers and the article has drawn a significant attention to the work of ECOFOR researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-36656443
 
Description CEB (Congresso de Ecologia do Brasil), September 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The CEB congress (Congresso de Ecologia do Brasil), which took place in September 2015, is an event which hosts auudience from a wide range of areas of Ecology. The event is known to be a very student-friendly environmnet and is well attended by both undergraduate and postgraduate students. Several project members as well as students related to the ECOFOR project delivered presentations at this event, increasing greatly the interest in the project amongst the students of Ecology as well as other scientists and academics working on related topics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.seb-ecologia.org.br/xiiceb/
 
Description ECOFOR project newsletters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In 2014, ECOFOR started issuing its own newsletter with news about the latest developments, publications, upcoming events and other news. The newsletters are issued bi-monthly and they keep the project members informed about the development at research sites they are not directly involved with, as well as informing the newsletter subscribers (students and general public) about our work in an interesting an engaging way.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016
URL http://ecofor.hmtf.info/category/news/
 
Description ECOFOR website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The ECOFOR website is the main source of information about the project for the general public. It is available in English as well as in Portuguese. The page is regularly updated with news and the latest pictures from the field. It also offers the option to subscribe for the ECOFOR newsletter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://ecofor.hmtf.info/
 
Description ECOFOR/ RAS Policy Briefs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Members of the ECOFOR project have produced a series of 5 policy briefs to inform the general public about our findings. These were first presented at the RAS (Rede Amazonia Sustentavel) symposium in December 2016. These policy briefs compile data from 7 years of research in the state of Para, combining socio-economic and environmental data, They address the 5 following areas of our research:
- Wildfires
- The impacts of forest degradation
- Streams and rivers
- Efficient environmental regularization
- Ways to sustainable landscapes
The Policy Briefs are being distributed amongst researchers and general public to inform them about the results of our research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://ecofor.hmtf.info/ecofor-policy-briefs/
 
Description Erika Berenguer's presentation at RAS symposium in Belem 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact At the RAS symposium in Belem, Erika Berenguer delivered a presentation 'Fogo sem controle: o dano sem beneficio' about the effects of wildfire in tropical forests. Her presentation was very well attended and was followed by numerous questions from the audience on the issue of wildfires.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description FAPESP press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In May 2014, the Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) published a press release explaining the goals and methodology of the ECOFOR project. FAPESP is an extremely important institution for Brazilian science, therefore the press release had the potential to reach a great number of not only Brazilian scientists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://agencia.fapesp.br/projeto_avalia_impacto_da_ocupacao_humana_em_florestas_tropicais/19187/
 
Description ICCB-ECCB Montpellier August 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Several project members delivered presentations at the ICCB-ECCB (International Congress for Conservation Biology/ European Congress for Conservation Biology) congress in Montpellier in August 2015. The congress is one of the most significant events in the area of conservation and is known for connecting the scientific community from all over the world. The ECOFOR presentations had a great response form the audience and contributed greatly to disseminating our work. The course of the congress was also widely disseminated through social media (Facebook, Twitter).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.iccb-eccb2015.org/
 
Description Interview with Joice Ferreira in Amazonia Viva 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The February 2017 issue of the Brazilian online magazine Amazonia Viva published an extensive interview with Joice Ferreira. The magazine publishes news on the environment and culture of the Brazilian Amazon. The interview contributed towards raising the awareness about the work of ECOFOR researchers and their findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://issuu.com/amazoniaviva/docs/66_av_fev_2017_web
 
Description Joice Ferreira's presentation at RAS symposium in Belem 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact At the RAS symposium in Belem, Joice Ferreira delivered the presentation 'Caminhos para uma Amazonia mais sustentavel: um dialogo entre ciencia e sociedade' about the role of scientists and the society in the dialogue on implementing policies leading to a greater environmental sustainability, Her presentation was very well attended and was followed by numerous questions from the audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Jos Barlow's presentation at RAS symposium in Belem 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact At the RAS symposium in Belem, Jos Barlow delivered the presentation 'A saude das florestas Amazonicas' ('The Health of Amazon Rainforests'). His presentation was very well attended and was followed by numerous questions from the audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lancaster University ECOFOR press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In April 2014, Lancaster University published the ECOFOR press release at their website. This fact increased greatly the knowledge about the project amongst students, academics and general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/news/articles/2014/research-to-predict-the-future-of-south-american-fores...
 
Description Lancaster University press release on the Nature article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In June 2016, Lancaster University published at its website a press release of the article by Jos Barlow published in Nature ("Anthropogenic disturbance in tropical forests can double biodiversity loss from deforestation"). The press release has drawn the attention of the University's students, researchers and academic staff to the work of ECOFOR researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/lec/news-and-events/news/2016/fighting-deforestation-alone-fails-tropical...
 
Description Mata Atlântica Workshop (Picinguaba, December 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact ECOFOR held a workshop in the Picinguaba Nucleus of the Serra do Mar State Park (PESM), Ubatuba, Brazil, 8-11 December 2016. The main goal of the workshop was to gather all graduate students involved in PELD and ECOFOR projects who are developing their research in the PESM. Students presented individual posters and group leaders presented synthesis of their teams' results. The workshop had around 40 participants, including the managers of Picinguaba and Santa Virginia nucleus of PESM, Danilo Santos da Silva and John Paul Villani, and was coordinated by Prof. Carlos Joly. All participants discussed future directions for the conclusion of the projects; the discussions were assisted by Dr. Cristina Máguas (Center for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes - University of Lisbon, Portugal), invited as an external observer.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://ecofor.hmtf.info/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/NEWSLETTER-13.pdf
 
Description Post at the Conversation blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Erika Berenguer and Jos Barlow published a post at the blog Conversation where they speak about their experience of the devastating fires in the Amazon linked to the El Nino and explain their impacts on the forest ecosystems. The post also contains a video produced by Adam Hughes.
The Conversation blog presents results of scientific research in an interesting and readable way and is very popular with general public with interest in science. The blog post is highly interactional and Jos's and Erika's post sparked a discussion on the relation between wildfires and the natural carbon cycle.
The blog post's relevance was heightened by the fact that it was one of the first coverages on the impacts of the fires in the Brazilian Amazon.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://theconversation.com/el-nino-fires-are-raging-in-the-amazon-and-were-right-in-the-middle-of-t...
 
Description Poster at I Simpósio de Ecologia e Biodiversidade (Unesp Rio Claro) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Members of the ECOFOR project presented the poster "Características foliares em espécies arbóreas da Floresta Ombrófila Densa Montana, SP" about leaf characteristics of mountain forests at the I Simpósio de Ecologia e Biodiversidade (Unesp Rio Claro, Brazil).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://simposioeb.wixsite.com/simposioeb/palestrantes
 
Description Poster by Gabriel Sabino presented at the 59th Annual Symposium of the International Association for Vegetation Science (IAVS) in Pirenópolis 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In June 2016, the ECOFOR team participated at the 59th Annual Symposium of the International Association for Vegetation Science (IAVS), which took place in Pirenópolis (Brazil). Gabriel Sabino presented the poster 'Tree floristic, richness and diversity in four fragments of Atlantic Forest, São Paulo - Brazil' with our results from the Atlantic Forest. The presentation was followed by questions from the audience about our results.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://ecofor.hmtf.info/59th-annual-symposium-of-the-international-association-for-vegetation-scienc...
 
Description Presentation at ATBC by Sophie Fauset 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Sophie Fauset delivered a presentation 'Light environments in intact and degraded Atlantic forests - measurements to modelling' at the ATBC in Montpellier in 2016. Her presentation sparked a discussion on the topic of light environments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at the "Exposición orquídeas 2016", at the Bogotá Botanic garden 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In September 2016, ECOFOR members delivered a presentation about preliminary results of orchid identification in the Atlantic Forest at the "Exposición orquídeas 2016", at the Bogotá Botanic garden. The event was well-attended and the presentation was followed by questions from the audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at the 3rd Science for Biodiversity Forum (Cancun) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact In December 2016, Prof. Carlos Joly delivered a presentation at the 3rd Science for Biodiversity Forum (Cancun, Mexico) about Brazil's forest legislation. Carlos's presentation contributed to dissemination of our results and sparked a discussion on forest legislation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at the 7th International Canopy Conference at the University of Roehampton in London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In August 2016, ECOFOR members delivered a presentation about preliminary results of orchid identification in the Atlantic Forest at the Presentation at the 7th International Canopy Conference at the University of Roehampton, London. The event was well-attended and the presentation was followed by questions from the audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.canopyconference2016.com/
 
Description Presentation at the workshop "Trait and ecosystem function along tropical environmental gradientes" (Queralbs, Spain) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact In June 2016, Mauro Marabesi delivered a presentation entitled "How do plant traits vary and co-vary along spatial gradients, and why?" at the workshop "Trait and ecosystem function along tropical environmental gradientes" (Queralbs, Spain), attended by scientists and researchers from various projects involved in traits campaigns across the tropics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at the workshop Trait and ecosystem function along tropical environmental gradients (Queralbs-Spain) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact In June 2016, Marcos Aidar delivered a presentation entitled "Atlantic Forest Trait Campaign: Preliminary results and future perspectives" at the workshop "Trait and ecosystem function along tropical environmental gradientes" (Queralbs, Spain), attended by scientists and researchers from various projects involved in traits campaigns across the tropics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Project members meeting in Oxford, February 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The meeting in Oxford in February 2016 was organized to bring together the project members working in the UK and in Brazil to discuss the existing results in the Amazon and the Atlantic Forest and discuss the next steps in areas such as data collection and data management. As a result of the meeting, several new measures were implemented, especially in the area of data management.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description RAS leaflet 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact During her 2-month fieldwork in Santarem, Erika Berenguer disseminated the results from her PhD,as a way to get the scientific knowledge to our partners as well as increase our ties with many of the people that we work with through ECOFOR. She spoke to approximately 60 people, including land-owners, farm managers, cowboys, reserve managers, researchers, research assistants, school teachers, community leaders, shop workers and shop owners. Overall, the information booklet was extremely well received, as well as the plant species list that she gave both to landowners she worked with in 2010 and those we carry on working with through ECOFOR.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://ecofor.hmtf.info/pesquisas-sobre-vegetacao-livreto-da-ras-studies-on-vegetation-a-leaflet-by-...
 
Description RAS symposium in Belem 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The symposium was organized by Rede Amazônia Sustentável (RAS) and took place in December 2016. It was a unique opportunity for researchers, policy - makers and leaders of the civil society to meet up and discuss policies related to the rapidly changing region of Eastern Amazon. The researchers from the RAS network, many of whom are also members of the ECOFOR project, shared the results of their research and their views on how to approach sustainability from the ecological, social and economic perspective.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://simposioamazoniasustentavel.org/
 
Description Sao Luiz meeting: March 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The ECOFOR meeting in Sao Luiz in March 2014 was attended by ECOFOR members as well as by members of other, related projects. The participants presented on their methodologies, which was followed by a discussion. The participation of the members of the other projects raised the awareness about the ECOFOR project amongst academics and professionals working in similar areas. Through the engagement with the post-graduate students, the project has the potential of increasing their interest in the study of rainforests.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Toby Gardner's presentation at RAS symposium in Belem 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact At the RAS symposium in Belem, Toby Gardner delivered the presentation 'Caminhos para paisagens mais sustentaveis' about ways to sustainable landscapes. His presentation was very well attended and was followed by numerous questions from the audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Traits meeting in the Pyrenees lead by Oxford on traits analysis across the tropics 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact In June 2016, researchers from various projects involved in the traits campaigns across the tropics discussed their results and possible new collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Unicamp meeting in Campinas, April 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The leaders of teh Atlantic Forest group met in Campinas o discuss issues related to standardization of procedures for studying carbon dynamics. The group met again in May to re-discuss their views, and following these meetings, a new standardization of fieldwork spreadsheets were passed to the project participants working on the inventories.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Will we soon see another wave of bird extinctions in the Americas? Post on the Conversation blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In April 2016, the blog Conversation published a blog post by Alexander Lees comparing bird extinction in temperate and tropical forests. The Conversation blog is highly popular and the blog post was widely shared on social media including Facebook (3900+ likes), Twitter (400+ shares) and LinkedIn, as well as stirring a discussion in the comments space.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://theconversation.com/will-we-soon-see-another-wave-of-bird-extinctions-in-the-americas-56795
 
Description Yadvinder Malhi's blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Yadvinder Malhi, one of the ECOFOR members, has been publishing project-related posts on his blog 'Travels in Ecosystem Science'. The blog is extremely popular and represents a highly engaging way of disseminating the information about the project to students, academics and members of public with interest in Ecology. The blog is interactive, allowing the visitors to leave comments or ask questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.yadvindermalhi.org/blog
 
Description article in Amazonia Viva 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Jos Barlow and Erika Berenguer spoke about their research in the East Amazon and their experience of the fires experienced during the ECOFOR fieldwork in an extensive article for the magazine Amazonia Viva, explaining the causes and consequences of the fires to the general public in an interesting and accessible way.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://issuu.com/amazoniaviva/docs/54_av_fev_web
 
Description article in BBC on carbon loss 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In May 2014, BBC published an online article on carbon loss in tropical forests, based on an interview with Erika Berenguer. Erika explains to the readers how a forest that looks intact from satellite observations might in reality have been logged or otherwise disturbed, making the results of her research accessible to a wide public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-27506349
 
Description article in the magazine Exame 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Brazilian online magazine Exame published an article describing the ECOFOR project and its objectives, with quotes from the PIs Jos Barlow and Carlos Joly. Exame is one of the most widely read online magazines and the publication of the article disseminated the information about the project amongst the Portuguese-speaking public.
To this day, the article has had 586 views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://exame.abril.com.br/tecnologia/noticias/projeto-avalia-impacto-de-homanos-em-florestas-tropica...
 
Description at British Ecological Society Annual Meeting, Edinburgh, December 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Several project members (S. Fauset, M. Gloor, CA Joly, S Vieira) presented at the British Ecological Society Annual Meeting in Edinburgh in December 2015 on Light environments in intact and degraded forests, a topic directly linked to the ECOFOR research. The talk had a great response from the public and stirred a discusison on the topic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description video coverage by Globo on the dissemination of results 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The dissemination process of Erika Berenguer's results to the local farmers, landowners and stakeholders featured in the video taken by the reporters of the Brazilian TV Globo. This coverage helped to spread the information about the activities of the researchers involved in the projects ECOFOR and Rede Amazonia Sustentavel to wide audiences in Brazil and stressed our relevance to the local communities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://g1.globo.com/pa/santarem-regiao/bom-dia-santarem/videos/t/edicoes/v/pesquisadores-realizam-es...