Gender, education and global poverty reduction initiatives

Lead Research Organisation: Institute of Education
Department Name: Humanities and Social Sciences

Abstract

The project aims to examine initiatives which engage with global aspirations to advance gender equality in and through schooling in contexts of poverty.  It looks at how these are understood, who participates in implementation, what meanings of gender, schooling and global relations are negotiated, what constraints are experienced, in what ways these are overcome, and what concerns about global obligations emerge. A key focus is what conditions how global policy goals are interpreted and acted on in different sites. Case study research will be conducted in Kenya and South Africa, two countries where reforming governments have sought to address questions of poverty and gender in the expansion of education provision. In each country data will be collected in five sites: the national Department of Education, a provincial education department, a rural primary school, the offices of a Non Governmental Organisation (NGO) engaging with global education and poverty policy, and an education NGO operating at a local level. The main methods of data collection will be documentary analysis, individual and group interviews, focus group discussions, and observations. Advisory committees in Kenya and South Africa will guide the process of data collection, comment critically on emerging analysis, and give support with dissemination.



 

 
Description A gap was identified in policy, practice and academic commentary which would enable consideration of how gender, education and poverty connected. The potential of using comparative case studies to look at a similar process in a range of different settings was established.The importance of building global networks engaged with work on policy and professional practice in the field of gender, education and poverty was highlighted. The need for work in this area to proceed at supra-national, national and sub-national level in state and non-state structures was extablished as of considerable importance is planning for global frameworks that might succeed the millennium development goals (MDGs). The existence of particular discourse of 'blaming the poor' and stigmatising poor schoolgirls, notably those who became pregnant was identified as a particular problem in the way teachers and members of school management committees thought about their work in Kenya and South Africa.
Exploitation Route This research could be used in building national and supra-national coalitions, developing training materials, and thinking about indicators for monitoring and evaluating projects in gender, education and poverty This research can be put to use in building coalitions of global and local NGOs,officials in government at national and local levels and teachers to look at the way they think about issues of gender, education and poverty, the particular resources they have avaialble for professional training, the measures used in evaluating progress, and the extent to which they take account of the views of poor girls. These processes are particularly pertinent in thinking about a post 2015 MDG agenda.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy
URL http://www.ioe.ac.uk/research/26514.html
 
Description UN Girls' Education Initiative (UNGEI) Dakar declaration on accelerating girls' education and gender equality
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
Impact Our research identified how little government officials, teachers and NGO workers had paid specific attention to the way poverty and gender affected education. As contributors to the conference steering committee we wrote the Situation Analaysis and generated the key ideas for the Declaration
 
Description Drought, drop out and early marriage : feeling the effects of climate change in East Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Article about the affects of climate change for girls and their education in East Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
URL http://www.ungei.org/resources/1612_674.html
 
Description Equity takes us further 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Possibly one of the greatest steps towards the advancement of women's rights over the last decade has been the expansion of primary education. But on its own, this is not adequate to ensure gender equality or empower women. The position of gender and women's issues in the MDG framework is significant, yet constraining.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
URL http://thebrokeronline.eu/layout/set/print/Blogs/Goal-Posts-What-next-for-the-MDGs/Equity-takes-us-f...
 
Description Gender, education and global obligations for poverty reduction 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presentation at Sussex School of Education Open Seminar Series.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Gender, education and global poverty reduction initiatives 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presentation at Seminar held by the Catholic University of Eastern Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Gender, education and poverty 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presentation at Poverty and Education in Development Workshop. University of East Anglia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
URL http://www.uea.ac.uk/polopoly_fs/1.97897!poverty%20and%20education%20-%20workshop%20communique.pdf
 
Description Gender, education and poverty 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presentation at the Open Society Institute (OSI), London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Hair braiding and phone credit : blaming poor girls in South Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Article in Equals newsletter that discusses the finding of the GEGPRI research project that hunger overshadows understandings of poverty for teachers in South African schools.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.ioe.ac.uk/Equals_27_English_e-version.pdf
 
Description Human development, education and the capability approach 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presentation at UNDP Workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Innovative conference to look at how far we have come on equality 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact E4: Engendering Empowerment:

Education and Equality will be an

innovative conference for education

activists, academics, practitioners,

policy makers and girls themselves from

many countries of the world, held under

the auspices of UNGEI (United Nations

Girls' Education Initiative). E4 will take

place in April and May 2010 using

electronic media (the E-conference) and

participatory discussion in Dakar, Senegal

(the D-conference). UNGEI initiated the

idea of the conference to mark ten years

since the organisation was launched at

the Education for All (EFA) conference

in Dakar in 2000. UNGEI aims to use the

conference deliberations as a means to

assess how far we have come since 2000

and what significant challenges remain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
URL http://www.e4conference.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/Equals25.pdf
 
Description Living the MDGs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact This article looks at how MDGs 1,2 and 3 are being implemented in Kenya, South Africa and selected global organisations.



Article in Newsletter for Beyond Access: Gender, Education and Development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.ioe.ac.uk/Equals_27_English_e-version.pdf
 
Description Missing the mark on gender inequality : more of the same is not enough 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Article in Newsletter for Beyond Access: Gender, Education and Development



This articles challenges the limited gender agenda promoted by the MDGs and EFA frameworks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.ioe.ac.uk/Equals_27_English_e-version.pdf
 
Description Negotiating gender, schooling and global obligation in international organisations 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Sociology seminar at the Institute of Education, University of London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Punishment and care : respoding to poverty in Kenya 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Article from Equals Newsletter, 27, in which the author discusses poverty with teachers at a Kenyan university.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.ioe.ac.uk/Equals_27_English_e-version.pdf
 
Description Shot through with power : local understandings of women's empowerment 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Article in Equals newsletter looking at understandings of gender and empowerment in a Southern context.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.ioe.ac.uk/Equals_27_English_e-version.pdf
 
Description Skirting the classroom : changing bureaucracy, transforming gender in the education system 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Consultative seminar on Gender Equity and Gender Equality in Basic Education, hosted by UNICEF (South Africa) and the Gender Equity Unit of the Department of Basic Education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Still too far away : distance and disconnection on gender and poverty in schools 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact This is an article written for the newsletter 'Equals'. The article deals with disconnection on gender and poverty in schools.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description The benefits of inter-disciplinary dialogue: case studies from the MDGs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Remarks at the launch of the Lancet MDG Commission, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity