Atlantic Europe in the Metal Ages (AEMA): questions of shared language

Lead Research Organisation: University of Wales
Department Name: Centre for Adv. Welsh and Celtic Studies

Abstract

The project considers language in Atlantic Europe ('AE'=Britain, Ireland, northwest France, western Iberia) from first metallurgy (c. 2900 BC) to Latin's arrival (Cádiz 206 BC, Ireland c. AD 400).
CONTEXT. Many still believe that 'the Celts' spread from Iron Age central Europe (c. 750-100 BC) bringing Hallstatt and La Tène material culture and Celtic speech; so earlier eras further west are non-Celtic by definition. A previous AHRC project showed the inadequacy of this model to explain Hispano-Celtic. Cunliffe's work on maritime networks and Koch's on AE's first written language, Tartessian, led to a shared conclusion: Celtic probably evolved from Indo-European in AE during the Bronze Age.
Data bearing on this problem has expanded explosively in recent years, but key research is divided by specialisms and languages (French, German, Portuguese, Spanish). A gulf separates archaeologists and linguists (who use effectively different languages even when speaking the same). Most researchers focus on one period and modern nation.
There are compelling reasons to view Metal Age Atlantic Europe as a whole. When AE's pre-Roman languages come into view, most are Indo-European, the majority specifically Celtic. Shared types of prestige metalwork used similarly across AE define the Atlantic Bronze Age (c. 1250-750 BC): complex cultural packages (using exotic raw materials), ideas and technology spread and evolved along Atlantic routes from the 3rd millennium BC onwards.
AIM: In an innovative initiative, a team of linguists and archaeologists will collaborate closely, sharing detailed evidence and methodologies, to overcome chronic barriers in Celtic Studies. The team will assemble a large body of archaeological and linguistic data bearing on the question of how, when, and where Proto-Celtic emerged from Indo-European. The evidence will in the first instance be compiled as an extensive GIS (Geographic Information Systems) project, combining: 1) pre-Roman language evidence in , contextualizing Celtic names and inscriptions in long temporal archaeological contexts; 2) evidence implying overseas contacts: a) international metalwork and ceramic types and their sites (burials, hoards, settlements, ritual sites); b) scientific evidence for mobility/geographic origin of materials and people; 3) 14C dates, isotope analysis, and ancient DNA.
OUTPUTS. We will share the GIS project with partners. The National Library of Wales will host an online version from 2013 (to include Iron Age data from the earlier project), maintained to 2019. International archaeologists and linguists will meet in a workshop in 2013 and conferences in 2014 and 2015. Cunliffe and Koch will edit books based on these events to follow Celtic from the West (2010; 2012). Monograph topics will include: Copper- and Bronze-Age western Iberia by UW RF Gibson (2013); Hispano-Celtic (2015) and Proto-Celtic (2016) by Koch and UW RF Fernández; later Irish prehistory by AHRC RF1. A resource on 14C dates and Bronze Age metal sourcing will be created by AHRC RF2 Bray (2016). The team will co-author a popular illustrated 'Palaeo-Atlantic World' and Welsh version (2015).
BENEFITS. Researchers habitually isolated by subject, discipline, and language will cross borders. The GIS project will provide a valuable multidisciplinary, multi-national resource, with open access in the website. We will use data and skills from private-sector archaeology, which in turn will benefit from innovative analysis by academics. Combining philology, heritage, academic and rescue archaeology will promote a rounded approach to the past, widening public access and opening career paths for specialists. Rethinking the history of the Celtic languages will challenge old ideas in the devolved regions. Celtic Studies is popular, but mass Celticism is haunted by passé Romanticism and imagined nations. A fresh approach as 'Palaeo-Atlantic studies' will spur interest and foster constructive new directions.

Planned Impact

The project will cross boundaries between disciplines and countries, building competitive international expertise in UK universities, with unprecedented networking and career-development opportunities. As well as seeking to overcome intellectual isolation of researchers working on facets of Atlantic Europe in the Metal Ages (c. 2900 BC-AD 400), our method will work against career barriers and require diverse specialists to share skills.

Outside universities the project will benefit three sectors: commercial archaeology, heritage and language policy (Welsh, Scottish Gaelic, Irish). An online bulletin (2013-16) will target international policy makers in heritage and language, curators, commercial-archaeology managers, and university researchers. It will provide primary information (with Portuguese, Spanish, French, and German summaries), as a gateway to the project's GIS database, website, conferences, and print publications.

The proliferation of recent data from commercial archaeology will be a principal source for information forming the project's GIS research core. The return will be an interactive resource of comparable data embracing AE over the 3rd-1st millennia BC. The interaction of commercial archaeologists and university-based researchers will help to fill an interpretative gap that has held back developer-led archaeology to date. Multiple modes of interrogation will be possible, including two approaches to archaeology and language: 1) identifying finds implying long-range mobility and shared cultural information; 2) extended analysis of the archaeological contexts of ancient evidence for indigenous languages.

With focuses on metal and ceramic artefacts and inscriptions on stone, the project's GIS database, website, and publications will be sources of up-to-date and internationally standardized information for thousands of objects held in provincial and national museums across Europe, as well as new interpretative modes to suggest how the material can (and cannot) be related to language and literature.

The partnerships with the National Museum and Royal Commission represent substantial synergies and sharing of agendas with the heritage sector, including interpretation of new and extant finds within an international context and their innovative presentation to the public. The project's focus on international artefact types and inscriptions in multi-period landscapes will offer new impetus and perspectives to initiatives of the Commission, such as the surveying of prehistoric monuments, uplands archaeology, and 'the Welsh Way of Death' (funerary traditions).

For the survival of indigenous languages in the devolved regions, numbers of speakers are symptomatic, but the central challenge is the relevance of Welsh, etc., to 21st-century life. Long claiming antiquity as 'Celtic', the relevance of these languages to later prehistory, in Europe, the UK, and their own national regions, is now at risk: Celticity is a disputed concept and widely held to exclude the Bronze and Megalithic Ages. The project offers a new approach, relating ancient Atlantic Europe directly to its indigenous languages without recourse to 18th-century Romanticism or a detour to the Iron Age Alpine Zone. Language policy makers (who are among our target audience) will benefit from links to heritage credibly based on current research and freed from Celticism's obsolete constructs. The work of the project and PI Koch featured this year in the BBC Story of Wales series (with Huw Edwards) and subsidiary television and radio programmes. We shall highlight potential for drawing Welsh and Gaelic into cultural tourism, expanding their established literary and folk-life domains. A Welsh version of a book on ancient Atlantic Europe (including pros and cons of the Atlantic Origins hypothesis as illuminated by the project) will be launched at the National Eisteddfod in 2015.

Publications

Gibson, C. D. Celtic from the West 3
Cunliffe, B. (2013) Britain Begins
Gibson C Mapping the Flow: Introduction to Atlantic Europe and the Metal Ages project in Proceedings of the Bronze Age Forum 2013
Fernández Palacios, F Nemo me impune vertit: varia linguistica picta in --
Fern?ndez Palacios, F (2013) Optiones en Britannia in Aquila Legionis
Fern?ndez Palacios, F (2014) Assurbanipal, un rey asirio ilustrado
Fernández Palacios, F Celtic “dogs” in the Iberian Peninsula in Studia Celtica
Fern?ndez Palacios, F (2014) Espejo en la toponimia in Liburna
Cunliffe, B. (2013) Britain Begins
Karl, R. (2013) Blutend darniederliegen. Verwundung und Verletztenpflege im fr?hmittelalterlichen Irland. in Mitteilungen der Anthropologischen Gesellschaft in Wien 143
Fernández Palacios, F The theonym *Conventina in --
 
Description The project is not yet complete. The options that can be selected do not allow for this to be explained. There are some interesting preliminary findings, but it would be better to wait until these could be checked and confirmed nearer the end of the AHRC-funded project.
Exploitation Route The database will be useful and accessible to archaeologists and historical linguists and of interest to the public.
Sectors Creative Economy,Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
URL http://www.aemap.ac.uk
 
Description The project is not complete. They have been used by members of the team still involved in the project. The results have thus far been promising and interesting, but we expect more later one.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural
 
Description New methodologies in archaeological fieldwork for recovering human remains for ancient DNA analysis
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact It is only recently that ancient DNA analysis has been employed in archaeological research. Collecting ancient DNA can be fraught with challenges which includes contamination with modern DNA. By informing and advising archaeological companies about the best fieldwork practices to adopt when recovering and processing ancient human remains is having a significant impact in improving the quality and quantity of data available for future analysis. Ancient DNA analysis has the potential to provide a wealth of information about genetic changes, the origins and spread of disease, and human susceptibility and immunity. Educating archaeologists to undertake more controlled field practices will help provide a valuable uncontaminated resource for this important field of study.
AEMA database
Description The AHRC-funded Atlantic Europe in the Metal Ages (AEMA) project has an online database: www.aemap.ac.uk. It will continue to grow over the life of the project. It contains searchable archaeological and historical linguistic evidence from the Atlantic region: Britain, Ireland, Armorica, Portugal, and western Spain. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Impact We expect more in the coming months and years. Non-specialist participants at conferences have mentioned it. 
URL http://www.aemap.ac.uk
Database: European chemical analyses from Antiquity
Description A comprehensive database of chemical composition data, collected over the last 100 years from prehistoric European copper-alloy artefacts 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Continued collaboration with a wide range of international researchers 
GIS Database
Description GIS Database of (1) Bronze Age burials and hoards, mainly in Britain, Ireland, northwest France and western Iberia and (2) ogam inscriptions in Ireland and Britain. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Impact Facilitates spatial and chronological mapping with a detailed searchable capacity. Used to inform conference presentations and papers. 
HISPANO-CELTIC VOCABULARY
Description Multiple-search database with GIS georreference 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Impact Better search and classification of material 
New model for interpreting metal flow in antiquity
Description New data analysis and archaeological model for understanding metal exchange, reuse, and recycling in antiquity. A universal model which considers copper source, alloying, technology and social context 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Series of conference presentations, papers, and discussions. Future funding applications to National and trans-national bodies are planned. 
Personal names from Celtic Inscribed Artefacts of the British Isles in the Early Medieval Period
Description Georreferenced database, multiple search 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Impact Collection and analysis of material 
 
Description Ancient Iberian Peninsula Onomastics and Parallels in British and Irish Celtic Inscribed Artefacts 
Form Of Dissemination Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results Presentation of paper, organization, discussion
Impact Further collaboration
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description BBC Radio 4 "Making History" programme, broadcast 28/01/2014 
Form Of Dissemination A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results Barry Cunliffe and I discussed the ideas motivating the AHRC-funded project with the presenters of the Making History radio programme on Radio 4. Barry Cunliffe was interviewed in London. I was interviewed on a prehistoric fortification in Gwynedd, North Wales.
Impact Barry Cunliffe and I have subsequently been advising on 3-part television series on the Celts being developed for BBC1 television.
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b03s70yb
 
Description Bronze Age Forum, Queen's University Belfast 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results Professional archaeologists (some from the Continent and North America), scientists, and interested members of the public from the UK and Irish Republic attended.
Impact A paper describing the AHRC-funded project will be published in the conference proceedings. Contacts were established with commercial archaeologists and amateur archaeological societies.
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
URL http://www.prehistoricsociety.org/events/event/bronze_age_forum1/
 
Description Collaboration in the organization of XIIIth F.E.R.C.A.N. Workshop 
Form Of Dissemination Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results Collaboration in organization and two papers
Impact Narrower collaboration with other colleagues
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL http://viasacra.org.uk/programme-fercan/
 
Description Conference Presentation: Ancient Britain and the Atlantic Zone (Aberystwyth 2012) 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results Talk informed public and other researchers in the same field.
Impact Papers from this conference have been prepared for publication in an edited volume.
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2012
 
Description Conference Presentation: Archaeological Questions: Isotopic Answers? (Leiden, The Netherlands) 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results Conference session attended by approximately 150 people, with associated discussions and debates.
Impact Discussions with doctoral students about including isotopy research in their doctoral projects
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description Conference Presentation: Atlantic Europe in the Metal Ages (One-day Forum, Cardiff) 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results Conference session relating to the AHRC-funded project Atlantic Europe and the Metal Ages. New methodolgies, data sets and ideas put forward and imparted to wider academic and non-academic community
Impact Wider dissemination of the work of this project which will be published in an edited volume in 2015
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL http://www.aemap.ac.uk
 
Description Conference Presentation: Atlantic Europe in the Metal Ages 2014 (Cardiff, UK) 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results Conference session attended by approximately 200 people, with associated discussions and debates.
Impact Continued discussion and debate with colleagues and peers
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description Conference Presentation: BUMA VIII (Nara, Japan) 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results Conference session attended by approximately 500 people, with associated discussions and debates.
Impact Continued networking and debates with colleagues and peers
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
 
Description Conference Presentation: Bronze Age Forum 2013 (Belfast, UK) 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results Conference session attended by approximately 200 people, with associated discussions and debates.
Impact Continued debates and discussions with collaborators and peers
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
 
Description Conference Presentation: Bronze Age Forum 2013 (Belfast, UK) 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results Joint paper presentation interested researchers and created discussion afterward.s
Impact The paper resulting from this presentation has been written up for publication and will be published in an edited volume in 2015.
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
 
Description Conference Presentation: Computing and Statistical Applications in Archaeology (CAA 2014, Oxford, UK) 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results Conference session attended by approximately 200 people, with associated discussions and debates.
Impact Continued discussions and debated with colleagues and peers
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description Conference Presentation: Creativity in the Bronze Age (CINBA, Cambridge) 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results Conference session attended by approximately 200 people, with associated discussions and debates.
Impact Ongoing networking and collaboration with academic peers
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
 
Description Conference Presentation: European Association of Archaeologists (Istanbul) 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results Conference session that tackled new under-explored research avenues and resulted in much debate and exchange of information afterwards
Impact Collaborative networks were forged and proposals to publish the conference session were raised
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL http://howardwilliamsblog.wordpress.com/2013/11/10/dead-ends-funerary-flops-and-monumental-failures-...
 
Description Conference presentation: Atlantic Europe in the Metal Ages 2014 (Cardiff, UK) 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results Conference attended by approximately 200 people, with associated discussions and debates.
Impact Continued discussion and debate with colleagues and peers
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description Conference presentation: European Association of Archaeologists 2013 (Plze?, Czech Republic) 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results All-day session at conference with associated discussion, attended by approximately 100 people.
Impact Requested contribution to publication based on presentations; paper was submit for peer review in 2014
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
 
Description El grafito en escritura neop?nica de Holt (Denbigshire, Gales): algunas precisiones contextuales 
Form Of Dissemination Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results Paper and discussion
Impact Shared information
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
URL http://cepo.es/wp-content/uploads/orientalistica.pdf
 
Description Examen comparativo de la onom?stica personal celta de Hispania y Britannia 
Form Of Dissemination A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results Paper, discussion, questions
Impact further collaboration
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL http://www.racv.es/es/content/xxx-seminario-de-lenguas-y-de-epigrafia-antiguas-%E2%80%9Cd-fletcher-v...
 
Description Gods epigraphically attested in Britain in Roman times and counterparts in the Early Medieval texts from the British Isles: An Assessment 
Form Of Dissemination Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results Paper, discussion, questions
Impact Further links of collaboration
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL http://viasacra.org.uk/programme-fercan/
 
Description Iberian Peninsula South-West script, Celtiberian vocabulary and ogham personal names: the adventures of a Spaniarg at CAWCS 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results Seminar
Impact Better understanding of my research by other colleagues
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description Iron Age Diasporas 
Form Of Dissemination A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results It has not been held yet. The scope of the programme involves adequate periods of discussion between experts from different fields.
Impact Too soon to tell.
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL http://www.le.ac.uk/ebulletin-archive/ebulletin/news/press-releases/2010-2019/2010/09/nparticle.2010...
 
Description Language and archaeology in Atlantic Europe. Discussion panel 
Form Of Dissemination A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results Dialogue, discussion
Impact Further links with other colleagues
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description Nemo me impune vertit: varia linguistica picta 
Form Of Dissemination Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results Organization and paper, discussion
Impact Improvement on the subject and interchange of information with other colleagues
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description Open day at Meillionydd Excavations season 4, 2013 
Form Of Dissemination Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results Open day visitors asked numerous questions, considerable amounts of discussion ensued, several invitations to give presentations at various venues were extended to our team, and several of the visitors decided to volunteer either later in this excavation season or in the following season
Impact several invitations to give presentations to local historical societies etc. were extended, and several visitors decided to volunteer during this or the following excavation season
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
URL https://www.facebook.com/meillionydddig
 
Description Open day at Meillionydd Excavations season 5, 2014 
Form Of Dissemination Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results As with 2013 Meillionydd excavation open days
Impact As with 2013 Meillionydd excavation open day
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL https://www.facebook.com/meillionydddig
 
Description Paper at 1st Celtic Studies Symposium Trier, Germany; on "Excavations in a Late Bronze and Iron Age Double Ringwork Enclosure at Meillionydd, North West Wales" 
Form Of Dissemination Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards
Impact increased academic interest
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
 
Description Paper at Stuttgart University "Keltische Kontroversen 2" conference; on "Interpreting Iron Age Societies - A response to John Collis" 
Form Of Dissemination Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results Sparked a lot of debate and various requests for publication of discussion
Impact additional requests for information
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description Paper for Corwen Archaeology Society; on ,,Excavations at Moel Fodig Late Bronze and Iron Age Hillfort" 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards
Impact requests for further information received
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description Paper for Neuheiden Stammtisch Wien, Austria; on "Hausfrieden im bronze- und eisenzeitlichen Europa" 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results Talk sparked questions and discussions afterwards, was broadcast on 'Neopagan' webradio in Vienna, Austria, and resulted in participation of one Austrian volunteer (who had attended this talk) in Meillionydd excavations 2014
Impact one person who attended this talk decided to participate in the Meillionydd excavations 2014 (in Wales) based on the interest in the archaeological process that the talk had sparked. Several more are considering participation in future excavation seasons or have started to volunteer in Austrian archaeological excavations
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
URL http://cba.fro.at/265662
 
Description Papers at Menter y Felin Uchaf near Rhiw, on "Excavations in a Late Bronze and Iron Age Double Ringwork Enclosure at Meillionydd, North West Wales" 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards
Impact several follow-up requests for information were received
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013,2014
URL https://www.facebook.com/meillionydddig
 
Description Seminar 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results Presentation about my role in the project to fellow staff
Impact Raising awareness of the aims of the project.
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
 
Description Short note (Questions of shared language) introducing the project 
Form Of Dissemination A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results Announcing the project in Ireland, resulting in greater access to grey literature
Impact The National Roads Authority (Ireland) requested a more detailed report on the project results for inclusion in their 2015 publication.
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
URL http://www.nra.ie/archaeology/seanda-the-nra-archaeology-magazine/Seanda_8_English_interactive.pdf
 
Description Societas Celto-Slavica 7ed Colociwm, Prifysgol Bangor, 4-6 Medi 2014 7th Colloquium, Bangor University, 4-6 September 2014 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results The audience included academics and professionals in government and finance from Russia and other eastern European countries, as well as academics and interested generalists from Ireland Wales.
Impact Further collaborations are planned. The series of proceedings may henceforth be published and printed in Wales.
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL http://arts.ulster.ac.uk/icsri/category/conferences/celto-slavica/
 
Description Some thoughts on Cadog Doeth among the Picts according to Vita Cadoci 
Form Of Dissemination Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results Paper, questions, discussion
Impact Better knowledge
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL http://www.wales.ac.uk/en/NewsandEvents/News/CAWCS/The-Cult-of-Saints-in-Wales-Sources-and-Contexts....
 
Description Talk to like-minded researchers on a fieldtrip 
Form Of Dissemination A talk or presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results Talk to peers during a field trip sparked debate and collaboration.
Impact This resulted in international cross-collaboration and future sharing of data sets.
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description The AEMA Project. Discussion panel 
Form Of Dissemination A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results Questions, discussion, dialogue
Impact Improvements
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description The role of the Picts in some historical works from 1860 to 1880 
Form Of Dissemination Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results Paper, discussion
Impact Further links with other colleagues
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL http://www.ed.ac.uk/schools-departments/literatures-languages-cultures/celtic-scottish-studies/news-...
 
Description The theonym *Conventina 
Form Of Dissemination Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results Paper, discussion
Impact Interchange of ideas
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL http://viasacra.org.uk/programme-fercan/
 
Description Twitter account for project 
Form Of Dissemination A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results Advertising the project to the general public and professional colleagues
Impact Expanding the networks of interaction
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013,2014
URL https://twitter.com/AEMAP_UoW
 
Description Un caso de animus belligerendi en la conquista de Britannia: Ner?n contra Boudica, reina de los icenos 
Form Of Dissemination Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results Paper and discussion, session chair
Impact Raised interest among university students
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2013
URL http://www.aierweb.org/
 
Description Workshop 
Form Of Dissemination Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results One-day workshop of leading experts sharing ideas in four themed discussion panels, resulting in associated discussions and debates.
Impact Continued discussion and debate with colleagues and peers. Collaboration with participants at future conferences.
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
 
Description Workshop and public conference, Atlantic Europe in the Metal Ages questions of shared language, Cardiff University, 11-12 April 2014 
Form Of Dissemination Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results Lively discussion with researchers from various fields and artists. Plans were made for further research grants. Plans were made for publications relating to the AHRC-funded project and possible PhD applications.
Impact Lively discussion with researchers from various fields and artists. Plans were made for further research grants. Plans were made for publications relating to the AHRC-funded project and possible PhD applications.
Year(s) Of Dissemination 2014
URL http://www.wales.ac.uk/en/NewsandEvents/News/CAWCS/AEMA-One-day-conference.aspx