A genetic dissection of traits required for sustainable water use in rice using Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Aberdeen
Department Name: Inst of Biological and Environmental Sci

Abstract

Rice irrigation uses 1/3rd of the world's developed freshwater supplies, and is often unsustainable. In Bangladesh, 60% of the county's rice production is grown in the winter 'boro' season using predominantly groundwater. This results in lowering of water tables and ingress of saline water in coastal areas. The groundwater used in some parts of Bangladesh contains high concentrations of arsenic (As) which leads to dangerous concentrations of this class one human carcinogen in rice grain. Reducing irrigation demand should make water extraction more sustainable and reduce As exposure. Contributing to this change would help the UK meet its commitment to the UN Millennium Development Goals, and have direct benefit to the UK population exposed to As through consumption of rice and rice products. In Bangladesh, a new, heavily promoted irrigation scheme called alternate wetting and drying (AWD) reduces water use by 20-50% while increasing yield. But it is unknown why AWD works, and crucially if it is sustainable. Also, no work has yet been conducted to determine genetic variation for adaption (suitability) to AWD over conventional flooded crop production. This project will address these shortcomings by combining; i) a genetic screen for rice genes responsible for adaptation to AWD (exploiting advances in genome sequencing technology); ii) a chemical and physical analysis of the soil during cycles of wetting and drying; iii) a detailed physiological and transcriptomic characterisation of the changes that AWD causes in the rice plant and iv) a systems biology approach to identifying the metabolic pathways that are responsible for adaptation to AWD. Using established partnerships with the University of Calcutta, Assam Agricultural University, the Bangladesh Rice Research Institute and the International Rice Research Institute we will produce a collection of 300 rice landraces from the Bengal region suitable for boro cultivation. This will be sequenced to 1 x genome coverage to provide approx. 3 million single nucleotide polymorphisms using an innovative approach recently pioneered by Bin Han at the Chinese Academy of Science in Shanghai. This population will be screened under conventional flooding and AWD in Bangladesh in one site in the first season and three sites in the second season. Agronomic data will be collected to allow adaptation to AWD to be assessed. Shoots and grain in one site (both years) will be analysed for 17 macro and micro elements to provide a detailed description of uptake and shoot-grain translocation of the important plant and human nutrition-relevant elements. Both sets of data will be subjected to genome wide association mapping to identify the genomic regions and candidate genes associated with the traits and to identify if any specific element is related to adaptability to AWD. Detailed analysis of soil chemistry and strength will be conducted to reveal the physical/chemical changes taking place that affect plant growth. At the same time, spatial (stems and leaves) and temporal analysis of plant hormones will be measured to assess when and how plant growth is affected by AWD. A complementary transcriptomic study will show which genes, from which pathways, are being affected by AWD. The data generated will be incorporated in to a genome-scale metabolic model developed from the RiceCyc database. This will provide testable hypothesis of what metabolic pathways are important for growth in different water/soil chemistry scenarios and the most likely suitable genotypes. These hypotheses will be validated in the final year. All data will be integrated into publically accessible repositories and the panel of rice cultivars will be immensely valuable for mapping other traits such as drought, salt, cold and heat tolerance. Outputs obtained will prove valuable to researchers and breeders on rice throughout the world and to anyone concerned about aerobically-grown crops in flood-prone areas.

Technical Summary

Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) is a promising water-saving method that is being widely adopted in Bangladesh but it is not known why it improves crop water-use efficiency, if it is sustainable, if its adoption will reduce the exposure of the population to arsenic (As) poisoning or if genetic variation for adaptation to this new regime exists in rice. A panel of 300 rice landraces will be produced and sequenced using next generation sequencing to produce approx. 3 million SNP markers. This will be grown in Bangladesh in field experiments comparing AWD to conventional flooding. Shoot and grain samples will be analysed for 17 elements including all macro nutrients plus important micro nutrients and elements As, Fe, Zn, Se and Cd. Genome wide association studies (GWAS) will identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and candidate genes for agronomic traits associated with adaptation to AWD and nutrient uptake and translocation to grain. At the same time, detailed soil chemistry, plant hormones and gene expression will be assessed during the wetting/drying cycle to provide understanding of the likely chemical limitations to the sustainability of the method and the underlying plant physiology and genetics that determines adaptation and improved water use efficiency. All of the data gathered will be employed to develop a genome-scale metabolic model based on the RiceCyc database that will identify biochemical pathways and individual enzymes implicated in adaptation to AWD and nutrient uptake. The applicants form a multi-disciplinary team of world-leading experts who have the scientific knowledge and connections to get the work done and pipeline to maximise the impact of the findings. The project will produce a genomic tool with great potential for the identification of QTLs and genes for tolerance to a range of constraints (drought, heat) and the findings will have application in maximising nutrient and water use efficiency in all crops.

Planned Impact

The principle beneficiaries from the research will be; 1/ Plant biologists interested the consequences and adaptation to contrasting soil water conditions, and the mechanisms of nutrient accumulation into shoots and grain 2/ Rice breeders, biotechnologists and agronomists interested in natural allelic variation in rice, and in improving water use efficiency and nutritional value of rice production 3/ Rice scientists in the Bengal area interesting in wider aspects of adaptation to biotic and abiotic stress for rice improvement 4/ The people of Bangladesh who suffer the consequences of unsustainable groundwater extraction; costs of pumping, power cuts due to electrical demand for irrigation, salinisation, arsenic poisoning 5/ UK rice consumers whose exposure to arsenic will be reduced The short-term beneficiaries will be scientists interested in allelic variation in rice and in the optimisation of the alternate wetting and drying (AWD) method of water saving in rice production. Crucially, it will; i) establish if AWD is sustainable or if it depletes limited nutrient resources in the soil; ii) establish if it reduces the problem of arsenic accumulation in soils and rice grain; and iii) identify the degree of genetic variation for adaptation to the method. This information will guide agricultural policy in Bangladesh and probably in the bordering parts of India with similar climate, geochemistry and rice cultivars. Reducing water use in the winter season in Bangladesh will ease the critical electricity shortages that currently result in daily power cuts throughout the country. For a medium term impact (5 years), the project will identify best cultivars, quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and candidate genes for adaptation to AWD which can be used throughout the Bengal region in breeding better cultivars. The results on soil chemistry and plant nutrient uptake will provide strategies to explore maximising the sustainability of AWD (i.e. identify a difference in farm inputs) which can be tested by agronomists. Confirming that water-saving strategies also reduce grain arsenic will enable rice producers worldwide to reduce the grain arsenic in local and exported rice and rice products, benefiting rice consumers worldwide including UK. The results will also provided strategies to ensure cadmium in rice is minimised. In the longer term (5+ years) the effect of individual candidate genes can be fully explored and strategies to utilise them in wider plant breeding (including orthologues in other cereals) can be evaluated. The hormone studies will identify the role of root signalling in adaptation to varying soil chemistry and matric potential thereby providing hypothesis for wider agronomic practice (e.g. design of root systems to match predicted soil water content). The panel of 200-300 sequenced aus and boro cultivars will provide an immensely valuable tool for researchers interested in identifying candidate genes related to climate change (drought, salinity, heat and cold tolerance) and be a most welcome resource to the poorly funded researchers in the Bengal area who the applicants plan to work with in future.
 
Description A population of aus rice cultivars Bengal and Assam Aus Panel; (BAAP) of 300 accessions and 2 million SNP markers. This is being used by 2 research groups in India for genetic mapping
Genome sequence for 300 cultivars, data given to IRRI
Discovered existence of population structure within aus cultivars
Have gained much greater insight into the impact of alternative wetting and drying on growth, yield, hormone signalling and elemental composition of rice.
Are currently discovering many QTLs for grain elements using Genome Wide Association Mapping
Have identified very strong candidate genes for lowering grain arsenic and cadmium in breeding.
Exploitation Route We will published many papers from this project plus we are following this up in BB/MO18415/1
I have been in communication with Italian scientists about further exploring our candidate gene for low grain arsenic in advance of formal publication of the results.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink
 
Description I have conducted a programme of public engagement mostly with schools which involves a talk on "Rice, Water and Bangladesh" with exercise to grow rice in different water treatments followed up with visit to judge the best rice-growing pupil. Have done this for 3 years visiting 7 schools and hosting the Royal Society of Edinburgh Spring Masterclasses in 2014 and 2015, 2016 and will do it again in 2017. I have been communicating with Pieter Piffanelli in Parco Technologico Padano, Italy for the use of SNP markers for breeding low grain arsenic rice in advance of full publication of findings.
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education
Impact Types Societal
 
Description FACCE ERA-NET+ GreenRice
Amount £714,159 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/M018415/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2015 
End 12/2017
 
Description Newton-India-UK project NEWS-India-UK, held by CEH Edinburgh with two CoIs in Aberdeen including Adam Price on rice genetics
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/N013492/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2016 
End 12/2018
 
Description GreenRice- a ERANET-FACCE project 
Organisation Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD)
Country France, French Republic 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution As a result of the BBSRC grant on alternate wetting and drying in Bangladesh, we were invited to be a part of the ERANET- FACCE call Smart Agriculture by Giampiero Vale, a government rice breeder in Italy. This has resulted in a 7 centre funded project looking at alternate wetting and drying in Europe (Italy, France and Spain) which is coordinated by Brigitte Courtois, CIRAD (France) and is valued at 1.4M euro of which Aberdeen gets approximately half. Aberdeen contributes to the assessment and training in greenhouse gas measurements, soil microbial process investigation and genetics of rice interactions with mycorrhiza and nematodes as affected by soil water.
Collaborator Contribution Other partners provide field sites and field experiments and investigate specific aspects of the impact of alternate wetting and drying on rice.
Impact Only just starting
Start Year 2014
 
Description Visit of delegation from Assam Agricultural University, India 
Organisation Assam Agricultural University
Country India, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We hosted a delegation from Assam Agricultural University to strengthen collaboration. The delegation included the Vice Principle of the University, the Head of the Department of Biotechnology and the Head of the DBT-Centre for Biotechnology plus an administrator from the Indian Department of Biotechnology (DBT).
Collaborator Contribution The two day visit highlighted 6 research areas with which we will continue discussion of joint research. A visit by 3 academics from the School of Biological Sciences (including A Price) will be conducted in February 2016 to further formulate collaboration approaches.
Impact Just started. One grant proposal for DBT funds using material that come out of BBSRC grant BB/J00336/1 was co-written and has been submitted
Start Year 2015
 
Description Accurate genetic mapping in rice at last? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk to National Rice Research Institute, Hyderabad, India 18th February 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Accurate genetic mapping in rice at last? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Delhi, 27th February 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Accurate genetic mapping in rice at last? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk at the National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, India on 15th February 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Adam Price Pecha Kucha talks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Have presented a Pecha Kucha talk "Price on Rice" on three occiasions in 2014 all to general public audience. Two were part of the University of Aberdeen public engagement events at the Belmont Cinema (see URL below).The other was organised by the Aberdeen University Students Association for Fairtrade Fortnight. Two events had low numbers (20) but one was well attended (60).

Very well received talk (the best of the night I have been told on each occasion).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.abdn.ac.uk/engage/public/pechakucha-aberdeen-217.php
 
Description Adam Price on local radio station SHMU FM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Took part in the weekly radio show Growth Matters at SHMU FM where talked about sustainability of water use and arsenic in rice

Not detected any, not really sure how many people listen to this ultra-local radio station- but is part of my training for wider public engagement
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.shmu.org.uk/fm/shows/growth-matters
 
Description Adam Price science outreach to primary schools- Rice, Water, Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Have visited primary school classes of 25-30 10/11 year old pupils to deliver interactive presentation on Rice, Water and Bangladesh, four classes in four schools in 2013, three classes in 2 schools in 2014 plus a Royal Society of Edinburgh event at the University of Aberdeen in May 2014 for 25 young academy pupils. Pupils are given rice seeds and asked to do an experiment growing them in flooded or non-flooded cups. I return to judge the pupils in last week of school.
The activity is associated with the Aberdeen Biodiversity Centre which is a public-facing outreach activity based in the School of Biological Sciences. My delivery is seen as part of their schools outreach programme. There is a picture of me talking to primary school children on the URL at the bottom

Verbals feedback from teachers was fantastic. Most pupils grew some rice plants to flowering.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.abdn.ac.uk/biodiversity/education/primary/
 
Description Adam Price talk at Plant Science UK meeting York 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Widely praised afterwards for the talk and the project

I have had more requests to talk and partner proposals
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/other/bsajxb/JXB/videos2014.htm?utm_content=buffer5c4e5&utm_medium=social...
 
Description Adam Price talk to his department "Is accurate genetic mapping in rice here at last?" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Talk was designed to get across the sense of excitement obtained from results in BBSRC project BB/J00336/1 that suggest we might have finally obtained a mapping population of rice that allows accurate position of genes affecting QTLs to be determined. It was delivered in an empty slot in our usual seminar seminar series. Talk went down very well and I got loads of people indicating how much they enjoyed it.

Helps instill enhanced enthusiasm in research group and impressed audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Adam Price talk to the Botanic Society of Scotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gave talk "Genetic mapping in rice: Where has 20 years got us and what's new?" at the Royal Botanic Garden of Edinburgh as part of the Botanical Society of Scotland lecture series for the general public.

Well received talk from speaking to audience afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.botanical-society-scotland.org.uk/content/bss-events
 
Description Adam Price talk to the Friends of the Cruickshank Botanic Garden 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gave a talk "Genetics of the second most important species on the planet: Rice" to an audience of about 75 members of the Friends of the Cruickhshank Botanic Garden.


Exceptionally well revived talk as I understood from talking to audience afterwards, and comments passed on to me from colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.abdn.ac.uk/botanic-garden/friends/lecture/
 
Description Department Presentation at University of Seychelles 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk to mostly postgraduate students by Dr Gareth Norton at the University of the Seychelles entitled "Arsenic and Rice"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Gareth Norton Pecka Kucha talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A Pecha Kucha talk as part of the University of Aberdeen public engagement programme was delivered by Gareth Norton on the subject of arsenic in rice.

These activities are well attended by general public and form part of the public engagement activity of the university. Audience asked many questions afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.pechakucha.org/cities/aberdeen/events/5416e7c9bfb6fff9a9000001
 
Description Genetic mapping in rice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Impromptu 1hr talk to 180 school children (17-19 years) at Kalinga Institute of Innovation and Technology, for the Inspire programme, 19th February 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://kiitbiotech.ac.in/dst-inspire/index.html
 
Description International Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk by Dr Gareth Norton "Utilizing genetic variation and water management for cultivating low grain arsenic rice" at International conference "Arsenic 2016", Stockholm
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.as2016.se/
 
Description International Symposium on Rice Functional Genomics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk entitled "The Bengal and Assam Aus Panel for genetic diversity and GWA studies"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://isrfg2016.cirad.fr/
 
Description International Symposium on Rice Functional Genomics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PhD student Munmi Phukon presented a poster entitled "Differential gene expression in rice in response to alternate wetting and drying" at the International Symposium on Rice Functional Genomics in Montpellier
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://isrfg2016.cirad.fr/
 
Description Masterclass for Royal Society of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact In 2014, 15 and 16 Adam Price contributed 2.5 hr workshop on "Rice, Water and Bangladesh" for the Royal Society of Edinburgh. The audience are 20+ academy school pupils who apply and do 4 or 5 masterclasses at the University of Aberdeen. He has committed to doing it again in 2017. He is accompanied by 2 PhD students, from Bangladesh and India.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016,2017
 
Description Open day at Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was an open day where academics, students and farmers local to Bangladesh Agricultural University had the opportunity to learn about the project, see the population of rice plants in the field and ask questions about the project. Almost all the interactions were in Bangla although Adam Price did do a couple of short speeches.

I got the impression the students and farmers were very appreciative of being told about the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Poster and discussion by Ahmad Mannan at "Metablic Pathways Analysis 2014" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Active discussions took place and collaborations forged

New collaboration forged
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Poster by Munmi Phukon at Interdrought V- Alternate wetting and drying enhances photosynthesis in rice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In a poster at Interdrought V PhD student Munmi Phukon presented results of a transcriptomics analysis of alternative wetting and drying (AWD) in rice. The cost of the RNAseq came from this project. The study suggests subtle changes in the expression of photosynthesis-related genes in the leaves in response to AWD.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://ceg.icrisat.org/idv/
 
Description Poster presented at RCUK WATER RESEARCH SHOWCASE, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Poster entitled Sustainability of Water Saving in Rice Production for Bangladesh: Rice genomics and physiology, soil chemistry and systems biology was well read and was refer to by Tim Benton in his talk as example of multidisciplinary research that is needed to tackle issue of water use.


xxxxxxx
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Relating root phenotyping and genetic diversity to drought avoidance in rice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited talk at Interdrought V in Hyderabad, India 21-25th February 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://ceg.icrisat.org/idv/
 
Description School outreach activity by Ahmad Mannan "Are Plants Like Scientists" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact As part of British Science Week, conducted at the Aberdeen Biodiversity Centre, Satrosphere (Aberdeen) and North East College, Fraserburgh. o Activities, presentations and live experiment demonstrations reached out to well over 250 pupils and teachers, plus many more members of the public who joined the presentations shown during Discovery Day at Satrsophere on 21st March 2015. The aim was to educate school children about plant biology, and to demonstrate how plants work and how they can adapt to their ever changing environment in order to survive.

Massively engaged pupils (hopefully turned on to plant science)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://biomatematyka.pl/areplantslikescientists/
 
Description Talk by Adam Price at AAB/FES conference in June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Talk entitled "Reducing Arsenic in Rice Grain" was presented at the Association of Applied Biologists meeting in Lancaster 17-19th June of Food Security, an audience of just over 100 from across the world but mostly UK.

Many very interesting discussions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Talk by Adam Price at Monogram meeting, Aberystwyth 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Gave a talk entitled "A genetic dissection of traits required for sustainable water use in rice using Dr. Adam Price (University of Aberdeen)
Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS)" to the Monogram meeting March 2012 which described the project just after it had started.

Very well received talk.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Talk by Adam Price at SEB summer meeting 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Talk titled "Roots for water saving management in rice" presented in a Roots session at SEB meeting in Prague 2015. Several discussions were held after talk.

None specifically
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Talk by Adam Price at the DROPs-EUCARPIA conference on Recent Progress in Drought Tolerance, Montpellier, June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact As a culmination of the EU-FP7 project DROPS and in collaboration with EUCARPIA, a conference on drought was organised 8-9th June 2015 in Montpellier, France. Adam Price delivered a talk titled "Genetics and breeding rice that uses less water". There were something like 250 delegates.

Many interesting discussions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://colloque.inra.fr/drought-tolerant_plants_2015%20
 
Description Talk by Ahmad Mannan at Heinrich Heine Universitat 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact A talk entitled The Evolutionary Footprint in Arabidopsis thaliana Genomes show Strong Selection of Primary Metabolism and Ongoing Evolution in Secondary Metabolism given to Institut für Quantitative und Theoretische Biologie, Heinrich Heine Universitat, Germany

One attendee from Cologne had lengthy discussion which has led to collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk by Ahmad Mannan to International Study Group for Systems Biology annual meeting in Durham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk entitled The Evolutionary Footprint in Arabidopsis thaliana Genomes show Strong Selection of Primary Metabolism and Ongoing Evolution in Secondary Metabolism was delivered and well received.

One attendee from Toulouse had lengthy discussion which has led to collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.dur.ac.uk/bsi/isgsb/programme/
 
Description Talk by Gareth Norton to the Ionomics Hub meeting, St Louis 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk entitled "Rice grain ionomics" delivered to the Ionomics Hub meeting

Discussions on publication output occurred during meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Talk by Ian Dodd at Royal Golden Jubilee Conference, Thailand 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk entitled "Management Techniques to Allow "Water-saving Agriculture". Several local scientists asked for advice on AWD implementation after my talk as they were planning trials

XXX
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://rgj.trf.or.th/download/ConferenceScheduleEng.pdf
 
Description Targets for gene editing from genetic mapping in rice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk at the 20th Association for Promotion of DNA Fingerprinting and Other DNA Technologies (ADNAT) on Genome Editing in Bhubaneswar, India 16-18th February 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://kiitbiotech.ac.in/adnat/
 
Description Training course 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Training event conducted by Dr Tony Travis "IAEA Bio-Linux and GWAS training course" 5-6 Dec 2016 for staff and visiting scientists at the International Atomic Energy Association, Vienna. There were 20 participants.
Introduced biologists to using the Bio-Linux workstation platform on their own laptops and demonstrated how to make use of Bio-Linux for GWAS on the CyVerse cloud computing infrastructure at the University of Arizona (National Science Foundation Grant DBI-0735191 and DBI-1265383).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://tinyurl.com/h28udp8
 
Description Workshop "Bioinformatics for gene discovery" run by Aberdeen in Assam 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact A 5 days workshop on bioinformatics was conducted in the Assam Agricultural University (India) by Prof Adam Price, Dr Tony Travis and Dr Alex Douglas (all staff of the University of Aberdeen working on BBSRC grant BB/J00336/1) called "Bioinformatics four gene discovery". It was attended by 34 researchers from across India. It was set up by Professors Bidyut Sarmah and Mahendra Modhi of AAU using their computing facilities.

Several attendees said it was the best course they have ever been on. We have made great contact with several attendees and are communicating with them to allow a period of research visit or training here.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015