Ceramic membranes for energy applications and CO2 capture

Lead Research Organisation: Newcastle University
Department Name: Chemical Engineering & Advanced Material

Abstract

Membranes in general provide very significant opportunities for process intensification. In particular there is a large range of energy-related applications for high temperature ceramic membranes that is as yet poorly explored. This Platform Grant proposal is aimed at underpinning our joint group in the field of high temperature membranes for energy applications and CO2 capture. This research encompasses membrane catalysis, novel multi-functional membrane fabrication and structural and transport characterisation as well as application. The work will involve a highly multi-disciplinary effort with a world-leading team of investigators/researchers comprising membrane technologists, chemical engineers, chemists and material scientists. The research to be performed will call upon the complementary expertise of this team to examine a number of key challenges so that new oxygen, hydrogen and steam permeable ceramic membranes can be developed in an applied context making the production of low carbon energy and carbon capture processes possible. The applications for these membranes have the potential to be truly disruptive. The proposal is distinctive in that the PDRAs employed on the grant will travel to internationally leading groups for extended training visits. This will strengthen our research capability and increase the employability of the PDRAs.

Publications


10 25 50
 
Description ongoing investigation into existing and new oxygen transport membrane systems for hydrogen, synthesis gas, and carbon dioxide capture.



a new dual phase membrane system consisting of a ceramic oxide support and molten carbonate phase for carbon dioxide transport, trials indicates it's feasibility.



a new gas-solid oxygen exchange methodhas been developed. It offers a simple, rapid and relatively inexpensive technique to determine oxygen exchange at the surface of ceramic oxide membranes.



The establishment of new collaborative links with the University of Twente, Eindhoven Technical University and the Belgian government research centre, VITO, have allowed further work with e.g., the supply of new membrane systems for testing.
Exploitation Route Please see the Exploitation routes section. Non academic exploitation potentially includes industrial bodies, namely power generation from fossil fuels in which CO2 is produced and industries in which synthesis gas is required. This technology may also be of benefit in the carbon credit scheme, a benefit to the UK government. ceramic membranes hold potential to be used in the Advanced Zero Emissions Power Plant (AZEP) for the capture of CO2 at fossil fuel power stations, an alternative strategy to using the expensive and energy intensive monoethanolamine CO2 solvent.



The membranes can also be used to produce useful synthesis gas from methane in a partial oxidation process. This offers a cheaper method to synthesis gas production, currently achieved by steam reforming of methane- an expensive, energy intesive method. From synthesis gas methanol can be manufactured, from methanol other chemicals can be produced.
Sectors Chemicals,Energy,Environment
URL http://research.ncl.ac.uk/appcat/funding/
 
Title Pressure relaxation 
Description Pressure change is used to look at surface exchange and diffusion in materials 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Generating high quality data for novel materials 
 
Title Pulsed isotope oxygen exchange 
Description A short pulse of isotopicallly-labelled oxygen is introduced into a sample environment containing e.g. an oxide with active oxygen capacity. The fate of the oxygen is followed using an on-line mass spectrometer. The oxygen is either lost to the sample, scrambled with normal oxygen or eluted. From the mole fractions in the outlet one can determine rate constant for oxygen uptake and dissociation. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact There has not been any impact yet from this work. 
 
Description Characterisation of Pt electrocatalysts using different analytical techniques 
Organisation Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
Department Institute of Catalysis and Petrochemistry
Country Spain, Kingdom of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The main purpose of this work was to characterize the different types of platinum-based electrochemical catalysts, by different techniques such as: H2 Chemisorption, X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and temperature programmed reduction (TPR), in order to establish relationships between structure and electrocatalytic behaviour in different proof reactions (e.g. ethylene oxidation, carbon monoxide oxidation).
Start Year 2011
 
Description Development of high temperature glass sealants for LSCF6428 and LSF731 membranes 
Organisation Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
Department Institute of Glass and Ceramic
Country Spain, Kingdom of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution 1. Development of high temperature glass sealants for LSCF6428 and LSF731 membranes (proposed temperature of operation 900 oC) 2. Glass preparation (melting) 3. TEC measurements by dilatometry. 4. Hot-stage microscopy tests using three compositions of high temperature sealants with and without mixing with LSCF /LSF powders to test adhesion. 5. SEM of the sealant-pellet interfaces.
Start Year 2011
 
Description Pulsed isotopic exchange technique for the determination of surface oxygen exchange in metal oxides 
Organisation University of Twente
Country Netherlands, Kingdom of the 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution a collaboration initiated with Dr H.J.M. Bouwmeester of Twente University, Inorganic Membranes Group.
Collaborator Contribution Twente have attended meetings to brainstorm on approaches to developing this technique.
Impact None yet.
Start Year 2010
 
Description collaborative links with VITO, Mol, Belgium 
Organisation Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO)
Country Belgium, Kingdom of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution discussion with researchers at the VITO institute at Mol, Belgium held on October 13th 2010
Start Year 2010
 
Description proton conductivity measurements on novel La-Nb based electroceramic 
Organisation Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
Department Institute of Glass and Ceramic
Country Spain, Kingdom of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution unexpected proton conductivity of La-Nb based electroceramic investigated using conductivity measurements. this is part of our onginig search for new electroceramic oxides, especially those with significant n-type conductivity.
Start Year 2011
 
Description Carbon dioxide capture from combustion and hydrogen production processes: membranes and periodic reactor operation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited seminar at the Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Carbon dioxide capture: membrane and sorbents for simultaneous reaction and separation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited seminar at the Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Cambridge.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Ceramic Membranes for energy applications and CO2 capture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact general talk outlining the application of perovskites for hydrogen production and CO2 capture.

talk to stake holders; universities, industry. Talk given by UK government representative.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Ceramic oxygen permeation membranes for carbon capture from combustion processes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited Seminar at the University of La Laguna, Tenerife.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description High temperature membrane and cyclic processes for hydrogen production with carbon capture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited seminar at the School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Queen's University Belfast.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010