Consortium for Modelling and Analysis of Decentralised Energy Storage (C-MADEnS)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leeds
Department Name: Chemical and Process Engineering

Abstract

Around 80% of the UK population lives in urban areas, with cities being responsible for about 70% of UK energy use. As a consequence, the importance of cities in tackling key energy and environmental targets is increasingly being recognised. However, meeting these targets will require much of the urban infrastructure to be adapted and renewed to meet the increasing demands for energy services from city residents, while making the transition to a low-carbon economy. Two key challenges for urban infrastructure are: (i) meeting the expected increase in demand for (low carbon) electricity (including new sources of demand for heat and transport), while integrating a variety of (often variable) renewable supply options (including building integrated PV and wind systems) and (ii) increasing the proportion of low carbon heat (and potentially coolth) supply to homes and offices, with likely sources of low carbon heat including air source heat pumps and combined heat and power and district heating schemes using biomass and waste heat.

Various forms of decentralised electricity and heat storage could play an important role in meeting these challenges through helping to match supply and demand over periods from seconds to days, maximising the utilisation of existing and new infrastructure, providing links between heat and electricity systems so allowing trade-offs between the two and ensuring secure energy supplies. However, we currently have a poor understanding of the optimal deployment configurations and applications for decentralised electricity and heat storage within the urban environment, any changes to the policy and regulatory environment that would be needed to remove barriers to their deployment, the business models and revenue streams that might make a commercial proposition and the public attitudes to the deployment of different types of storage.

This project will use a variety of tools and methods, including technology validation, techno-economic modelling, innovation studies and public attitude surveys, to address specific barriers to the deployment of city-scale energy storage and demonstrate these methods and tools through a number of case studies analysing opportunities for energy storage deployment in the cities of Birmingham and Leeds. The novelty and adventure of our approach can be found both within the individual work packages and in the way that the findings are integrated together and applied in the case studies. So for example, our techno-economic modelling will consider specific (rather than generic) distributed energy storage technologies based on validated data from laboratory and field trials and not idealised data from the literature; our work on policy, regulatory and business models will draw on the real-world experience of our project partners in trying to make a business from operating distributed energy storage in current and likely future market conditions and our work on public attitudes will be the first study of its kind in the UK to examine distributed energy storage.

Planned Impact

The impact of our research will cut across knowledge, people, society and the economy. Beneficiaries will include all those with an interest in, or who are affected by, city-level energy systems. Particular organisations will include:
(i) local and central government organisations (including local authorities and their associated delivery partners, local enterprise partnerships, central government offices, and government-funded agencies). These organisations will benefit from tools and results that will allow them to optimise their city energy networks, taking advantage of the benefits that storage can bring in terms of maximising existing infrastructure utilisation and providing links between heat and electricity systems so allowing trade-offs between the two and ensuring secure energy supplies.
(ii) engineering and consultancy businesses (that work with local authorities, developers and investors) will be able to use the results to tailor their technologies and business models to those (potentially niche) applications that are likely to prove most attractive initially, thus gaining valuable market experience. In the longer term, developers will be able to draw on the proposed centre's work to take a more strategic approach and expand and direct deployment to more mainstream applications using a range of storage technologies.
(iii) Energy storage industry, including firms manufacturing and installing storage technologies will gain a much better understanding of the immediate applications for their technologies, as well as the cost and performance goals that they will need to reach in order to make their technologies attractive to the market.
(iv) academia across multiple disciplines including, storage, end-use energy demand, heat energy systems, energy governance and policy. In particular the project will inform the work of the SUPERGEN Energy Storage Hub, including its roadmap activity, and through them, the broader energy storage research community.

The project will engage and communicate with these stakeholders through routes including meetings, workshops, high quality journal papers, presentations, videos, social media, web-pages and via the networks of our partners. A key benefit of our proposal is the direct, working relationship that the research team has with a range of stakeholders across city councils, technology development firms, energy utilities, engineering companies, community organisations and national and European policy makers. Many of these partners have been actively involved in helping to define the research questions presented in our proposal and will continue to be involved in advising on the research as it proceeds - ground-truthing and validating the results in terms of relevance and content - and contributing their expertise and data to the case studies.

In terms of the public, we will also participate annually in one of the British Council Festivals of Science and will display material produced on the teams' campuses at other times. The case studies we propose will provide an excellent opportunity for immediate exploitation of the research outputs and we will work with Leeds and Birmingham city councils to ensure that the findings from the case studies are implemented to the fullest extent possible. We will also work with the city-councils on information material that is suitable for use with city-residents to explain the value of role of energy storage.
 
Description Submission of evidence to a consultation by the National Infrastructure Commission on improving how electricity demand and supply are balanced
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description EPSRC Programme Grant
Amount £353,624 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/K002252/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 10/2012 
End 09/2017
 
Description EPSRC Programme Grant
Amount £228,490 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P00945X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 12/2016 
End 11/2021
 
Description EPSRC Standard Research
Amount £200,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N001745/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 10/2015 
End 09/2018
 
Description Ebergy Storage Capital Equipment related call
Amount £300,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N032888/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2020
 
Description Energy Stoage Grand Challenge
Amount £296,847 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P003435/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2019
 
Description External research grant
Amount £470,000 (GBP)
Funding ID CRRC Project No 1 
Organisation CRRC 
Sector Private
Country China, People's Republic of
Start 10/2015 
End 07/2017
 
Description UK-Indian Collaboration
Amount £238,719 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P003605/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2020
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation Birmingham City Council
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation EDF Energy
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation Engineering YES
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation Government of the UK
Department Department of Energy and Climate Change
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation Highview Power Storage
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation Hubbard Products
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation Leeds City Council
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation Leeds City Region Local Economic Partnership
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation Moixa Energy
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation Northern Gas Networks
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation Northern Powergrid
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation Scottish and Southern Energy (SSE)
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation Tata Limited UK
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement through C-MADEnS Advisory Board 
Organisation UK Power Networks
Country Unknown 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Analysis of opportunities for city-scale energy storage and how to overcome barriers to deployment.
Collaborator Contribution Information on city-scale energy storage opportunities and challenges and provision of data and other inputs.
Impact Scoping workshop on city-scale energy storage held in January 2016. Collaboration is interdisciplinary involving engineering, economics and other social sciences.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement with HSE Shared Research Programme on Energy Storage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is proposing a shared research programme to ensure that health and safety considerations do not create unnecessary barriers to the commercial deployment of energy storage technologies. This engagement day was held with a group of organisations to discuss the programme and how they could contribute. This resulted in a proposal for a workshop with the wider academic energy storage community to discuss inputs to the programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Hosted a visit by Prof. Seamus Garvey and his guest lecture on energy storage 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited Prof. Seamus Garvey of the University of Nottingham to give a presentation on generation-integrated energy storage as part of the Frontiers in Engineering Science lecture series.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Organisation of the Offshore Energy & Storage conference 2016 (OSES 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Assisted with organisation of the OSES 2016 conference held at the University of Malta in July 2016, with over 60 registered delegates.

Also chaired a session of the conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Poster at UK Energy Storage conference 2016 (UKES 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Poster on the value of electricity storage to large enterprises.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at Lancaster University on energy storage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I gave a presentation on energy storage to a group of academics and students at Lancaster University, sparking much discussion afterwards. This presentation ultimately led to a stream of work in the project and a journal paper currently undergoing peer review.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at Ofgem on economic value of storage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presented preliminary results of research in one of the weekly seminars at UK energy regulator's office
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation at UK Energy Storage conference 2015 (UKES 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation on metrics for energy storage, work which was further developed by Mike Simpson into the RESTLESS Energy Storage database.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at UK Energy Storage conference 2016 (UKES 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation on C-MADEnS modelling work at UKES conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at a seminar "Energy Storage As a Game Changer" at Boconni University, Milan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The purpose of the event was to compare developments in energy storage in a number of different European countries through presentations and debate involving academics, policymakers and representatives from industry. Over 400 people registered to attend the event. The seminar provided some useful contacts with both academics and industry across Europe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.unibocconi.it/wps/wcm/connect/ev/Eventi/Eventi+Bocconi/Energy+Storage+As+a+Game+Changer
 
Description Presentation on energy storage innovation at the BIEE Conference on Innovation and Disruption: the energy sector in transition 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation to a group of around 40 industry leaders, policymakers and academics about the role of energy storage in the UK energy system and the need for innovation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.biee.org/conference-list/innovation-disruption-energy-sector-transition/
 
Description Presentation on the economic value of using electricity storage at wind farms, at Offshore Energy & Storage conference 2016 (OSES 2016), University of Malta 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation on the economic value of using electricity storage to reduce imbalance at wind farms due to inaccurate wind power forecasting, following BSC modification P305
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Panel speaker at public event run by the IET North Yorkshire Network, which sparked questions and discussion on the changing landscape of energy in the region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://communities.theiet.org/communities/events/item/210/217/15500
 
Description Scottish Renewables Low Carbon Heat Conference (Perth) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Describing research on using variable renewables in Scotland through distributed thermal energy storage to an audience of policy makers and technology developers, and others from research community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UK Storage conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation at UKES conference to report progress of the research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://ukenergystorage.co/