ageing, poverty and neoliberalism in urban South India

Lead Research Organisation: Birkbeck College
Department Name: Unlisted

Abstract

The project examines the impact of 16 years of liberalisation and foreign direct investment on the lives of the older urban poor of Chennai, a South Indian city of over 4 million residents that is seen as a neo-liberal success story. This multidisciplinary project addresses economic and demographic issues of concern to developing countries: current trends indicate that by 2030 the overwhelming majority of the global population aged over 60 will be living in developing countries, that 61 per cent of the global population will be urban and 80 per cent of these will be living in developing countries, that integration into the global economy can deepen inequalities and that neo-liberalism aids the commodification of goods and services. What is not known is what impact these trends are having on the capacity of the older urban poor to be self-supporting or to access the support of their families, local networks or the state. This project will be the first in-depth, longitudinal study of the impact of liberalisation on the livelihoods and welfare of the older urban poor in a developing country; its objective is to provide the evidence base and to identify policy measures that would strengthen livelihoods and enhance wellbeing.

 
Description See Impact report submitted April 2011. The most important impact of this project has been to sensitise policy makers, journalists, researchers, activists and civil society organisations (CSOs) to see the circumstances of the older urban poor, to understand how socially-instituted discrimination is impinging on older people' s livelihoods and wellbeing and to recognise the need for a paradigm shift in programmes addressing old age poverty. The research spurred the take up of older people's rights, specifically a non-contributory pension by the national-level coalition campaign, the Right to Food Campaign (RTF) and, subsequently, the formation of the Pension Parishad, a national level campaign to secure a universal pension for older people. Pensions in the State of Tamil Nadu were raised by 125% for 3 million pensioners, the Pension Parishad and RTF have secured pension increases in a number of Indian states and put old age pensions on the national level political agenda in 2014. HelpAge International and Age International use the research in their discussions with the UN and middle income and low income developing policy for older people Print media and India has used the outputs of this award to spread awareness of the role of older people in the economy and the shortfall in older people's rights as citizens and workers.
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services
 
Description Pension rise Tamil Nadu
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact In late 2010 the then Government of Tamil Nadu raised the Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension (IGNOAP) by 25%, (from Rs400 to Rs500) and in March 2011 the IGNOAP became an election issue. The newly elected government raised the pension by a further 100% (from Rs500 to Rs1,000). This pension is given to people age 60 or move whose incomes are judged to be below the poverty line. In April 2011, Government of Tamil Nadu declared there were 3 million pensioners who received the pension rise.
 
Description ESRC Follow-on Funding 2012
Amount £102,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/J020788/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 06/2012 
End 09/2013
 
Description New Dynamics of Ageing Programme 2011
Amount £250 (GBP)
Organisation University of Sheffield 
Department New Dynamics of Ageing
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 02/2011 
End 03/2011
 
Description School of Social Sciences, History and Politics Research Committee Grant 2011
Amount £450 (GBP)
Organisation Birkbeck University of London 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 02/2011 
End 03/2011
 
Description 2009 GAD Oxfam 
Organisation Oxfam GB
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We approached the Editor suggesting a special issue on Ageing. The PI served as Expert Guest Editor, selecting and editing submissions from an open call for papers.
Collaborator Contribution The journal Editor participated in the selecting and editing of submissions and guided the PI through the production process.
Impact The journal is freely available on-line and is read by NGO practitioners and academics alike. This special issue opened up a rarely available space to research on gender and global ageing, covering a wide range of approaches and varied subject matter..
Start Year 2008
 
Description 2010 Chennai conference, photo exhibition and public meeting 
Organisation HelpAge India
Country India, Republic of 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We organised the 2 day International Conference held in Chennai, India (19th-20th March), inviting speakers and also presenting three papers ourselves. We hung our photo exhibition for 3 days and organised and participated in a public meeting and press conference (18th March) held the day before the conference.
Collaborator Contribution The three collaborators provided funding for all costs, including international and national travel, accommodation, venue hire, subsistence etc.
Impact The Conference was the initial trigger for three major turning points. 1. The recognition amongst social activists and academics in India that old age poverty was being overlooked. 2. That ageism and age discrimination is widespread in India. 3. That older people's livelihoods and unpaid work have been overlooked. These have led to national level campaigns for increased social pensions (in terms of rates and coverage) by the Right to Food Campaign and the establishment of the Pension Parishad in 2011 and to a reviewing of HelpAge International's advocacy work on livelihoods and economic security in later life.
Start Year 2010
 
Description 2010 Chennai conference, photo exhibition and public meeting 
Organisation HelpAge International
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We organised the 2 day International Conference held in Chennai, India (19th-20th March), inviting speakers and also presenting three papers ourselves. We hung our photo exhibition for 3 days and organised and participated in a public meeting and press conference (18th March) held the day before the conference.
Collaborator Contribution The three collaborators provided funding for all costs, including international and national travel, accommodation, venue hire, subsistence etc.
Impact The Conference was the initial trigger for three major turning points. 1. The recognition amongst social activists and academics in India that old age poverty was being overlooked. 2. That ageism and age discrimination is widespread in India. 3. That older people's livelihoods and unpaid work have been overlooked. These have led to national level campaigns for increased social pensions (in terms of rates and coverage) by the Right to Food Campaign and the establishment of the Pension Parishad in 2011 and to a reviewing of HelpAge International's advocacy work on livelihoods and economic security in later life.
Start Year 2010
 
Description 2010 Chennai conference, photo exhibition and public meeting 
Organisation Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Country India, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We organised the 2 day International Conference held in Chennai, India (19th-20th March), inviting speakers and also presenting three papers ourselves. We hung our photo exhibition for 3 days and organised and participated in a public meeting and press conference (18th March) held the day before the conference.
Collaborator Contribution The three collaborators provided funding for all costs, including international and national travel, accommodation, venue hire, subsistence etc.
Impact The Conference was the initial trigger for three major turning points. 1. The recognition amongst social activists and academics in India that old age poverty was being overlooked. 2. That ageism and age discrimination is widespread in India. 3. That older people's livelihoods and unpaid work have been overlooked. These have led to national level campaigns for increased social pensions (in terms of rates and coverage) by the Right to Food Campaign and the establishment of the Pension Parishad in 2011 and to a reviewing of HelpAge International's advocacy work on livelihoods and economic security in later life.
Start Year 2010
 
Description 2008 Lleida, Spain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact October 2008: Globalisation and older people's livelihoods amongst the urban poor in South India, invited Symposium on Ageing and Globalisation, 6th International Symposium on Cultural Gerontology, University of Lleida, Catalunya, Spain. Sparked Qs and discussion

Lead to invitation to present paper to international symposium in Paris in 2009 attended by NGOs, academics and UN personnel
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description 2009 DSA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Jan 2009 'Age, Poverty and Transport in Developing Country Metropolitan Cities', Ageing and Development Study Group, Development Studies Association and HelpAge International. Sparked Qs and discussion.

Request for more participation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description 2009 DSA Ageing and Development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact June 2009: 'Slums of south India: Poverty, Silence, Avoidance, Indifference' Ageing and Development Study Group, Development Studies Association and HelpAge International. Sparked questions and discussion.

HelpAge International asked me to participate in their various other events and trainings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description 2009 IAAG Paris 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact July 2009: 'Experiences of older persons in South Asia's urban slums: evidence from Chennai, India', Invited Symposium on Ageing in Megacities, 19th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Paris

Plans for collaboration with HelpAge International and requests for further information by others.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description 2009 IITM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Nov 2009, gave presentation, 'Ageing and Poverty in Chennai', to Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India. Talk sparked questions and discussion.

Students volunteered to take on a number of tasks for the project's international conference on ageing in March 2010.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description 2009 Kunming China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact July 2009: Globalisation and older women's livelihoods in South India, Invited Symposium on Feminisation of Ageing, 16th World Congress of International Union of Anthropological and Ethnographical Science, Kunming, China.

Not aware of impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description 2009 Loyola College 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact August 2009, presented paper on, 'Ageing in India', to the Department of Social Work, Loyola College, Chennai, India. Sparked questions and discussion.



Follow up discussions with researchers on women workers in the informal sector and the Government of Tamil Nadu's Self Help Scheme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description 2010 British Academy Poverty South Asia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact March 2010 'Policy-informing concepts: the example of old age' British Academy's International Symposium Researching Poverty in South Asia, University of Warwick. Sparked Qs and discussion.

Led to a further conference with much greater South Asian presence and subsequently to a chapter in Gooptu and Parry (eds) (2014) Persistence of Poverty in India, Social Science Press, Delhi.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description 2010 Chennai Conf VS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact V Suresh (2010) 'What ails protection of the elderly in India' presented at the International Conference Mainstreaming the elderly in policy, planning and practice, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, 19th-20th March, Chennai, India. Sparked Qs and discussion.

A key element of a conference that ignited the recognition that older people's rights as citizens and workers were being overlooked in India, which eventually led to a national campaign for a universal, indexed and uplifted social pension.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description 2010 Chennai Conference BHW 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact March 2010: 'The Older Paid and Unpaid Working Poor and Chennai's Economy'. The Hidden Contribution of Older People: Rethinking Age, Poverty, Opportunity and Livelihoods. International Conference on Mainstreaming Elderly in Policy, Planning and Practice, IIT Madras, 19th and 20th March 2010. Sparked Qs and discussion.

A key element of a conference that ignited the recognition that older people's rights as citizens and workers were being overlooked in India, which eventually led to a national campaign for a universal, indexed and uplifted social pension.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description 2010 Chennai Conference PI presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact March 2010 'Gender, urban poverty and ageing in India: conceptual and policy issues' International Institute for Population, Chennai, India, 25 March. Sparked Qs and discussion.

A key element of a conference that ignited the recognition that older people's rights as citizens and workers were being overlooked in India, which eventually led to a national campaign for a universal, indexed and uplifted social pension.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description 2010 Chennai Conference VS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Suresh, V presented a paper and led a Convention parallel session on 'Vulnerable groups : the right to food' at the Fourth National Convention on the Right to Food and Work, 4th, Rourkela, Orissa, India, 2010.
This led to the formulation of a resolution to put to the full assembly of 5,000 representatives at the Convention plenary session on Vulnerable Groups.

At this Convention of NGOs from across India and as a direct result of the Panel led by the project team (V Suresh & Saravanan) a unanimous resolution was passed by 5,000 representatives to campaign for a universal, indexed and uplifted social pension.

Subsequently, in 2011, several members of the Right to Food Campaign formed the Pension Parishad in order to focus on securing universal pensions. The Pension Parishad have secured considerable success in a very short period of time, in terms of garnering widespread political support and a significant media profile and also securing pension increases for a large number of older people in India.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
URL http://www.righttofoodindia.org/announcement2.html
 
Description 2010 Chennai IIP 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact March 2010 'Gender, urban poverty and ageing in India: conceptual and policy issues' International Institute for Population, Chennai, India, 25 March. Sparked Qs and discussion.

Requests for further information and discussion of potential collaborations with Indian academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description 2010 DSA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact November 2010 - 'Old age, poverty and the politics of happiness and wellbeing in South India' Development Studies Association (DSA) annual conference : values, ethics and morality. Sparked Qs and discussion.

requests for more information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description 2010 Global Ageing and Development: Where next? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Presented research at New Dynamics of Ageing, Global Ageing and Development: Where Next?, Church House Conference Centre, 20th Dec 2010. Organised by The New Dynamics of Ageing Programme in collaboration with HelpAge International. Workshop attended by Parliamentarians, people working in the Third Sector, academics, post-graduate students and the public.

I was asked by HelpAge International to be part of their delegation to the United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report Office, New York in February 2011 to promote the visibility of older people in the UNDP's Human Development Report.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
URL http://www.newdynamics.group.shef.ac.uk/global-ageing-and-development-where-next.html
 
Description 2010 Guest Lecture, IITM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A guest lecture was given to PG, research students and faculty on Ageing and Poverty in Chennai to the Dept of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. This stimulated a good discussion.

The department hosted the 2 day conference and 3 day exhibition in March 2010 and several students from this guest lecture participated in the conference as volunteers, writing up the event etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description 2010 Historical Materialism Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact November 2010 - 'The Wall Street financial crisis, other crises and their impacts on South Indian slums' Conference event title Crisis and critique : Historical Materialism annual London conference, SOAS, London. Sparked Qs and discussion.

A request to publish this paper in a special edition of the journal Economy and Society (2013, 43:3, pp 398-429)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description 2010 Maximising Impact 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact April 2010 'New Dynamics of Ageing impact: a researcher's perspective', Maximising the Impact of Research, Crowne Plaza Hotel Birmingham City Centre, 12th-13th April. Sparked Qs and discussion.


Interests in requests for further information and led to participation in WHO First Age Friendly Cities Conference in Dublin in 2011.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description 2010 Oxford Dalit Mobility or Marginalisation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact September 2010 - 'Old age, work and poverty in urban South India : Dalits, MBCs and backward castes compared' International Conference, Mobility or marginalisation : Dalits in neoliberal India, Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Oxford. Sparked Qs and discussion.

Requests for further information and involvement in new research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description 2010 Rajiv Gandhi Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Gave a presentation ' Women and Old Age', for the International Women's Day Celebrations of the Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Youth Development, Sriperumbur, India. It sparked questions and discussion afterwards as it presented evidence and argument students had not been exposed to before.

The project was asked for further information on the research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description 2011 BISR Social reproduction 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact March 2011 'Social reproduction: an expanding reliance on older people?' Birkbeck Institute of Social Research, London, 18 March. Talk sparked questions and discussion.

Requests for publications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description 2011 British Academy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact March 2011 'Age, gender and poverty' Conference on Poverty in South Asia, British Academy and University of Oxford, 28-29 March, Department of International Development, Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford. Sparked discussion.

Led to publication of the paper in an edited volume on the persistence of poverty in India
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://socialsciencepress.blogspot.co.uk/2014/09/persistenceof-poverty-in-india-edited.html
 
Description 2011 Maastricht 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Oct 2011 Social Reproduction: An expanding reliance on older people?, 7th International Symposium on Cultural Gerontology, 'Theorizing Age: Challenging the Disciplines', Maastricht University, The Netherlands, 6th-9th October. Sparked Qs and discussion.

Requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description 2011 University of Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact June 2011 'Retirement Deferred: Ageing, Gender and Representation', University of Bristol, 28th June. Talk sparked Qs and discussion.

Requests for more information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description 2011 WHO Age-friendly cities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact The PI was invited to present a paper, 'Building the leadership role of older people in cities: what does it take?', World Health Organisation, First International Age-friendly Cities Conference, Dublin, Ireland, 28th - 30th September 2011 and to exhibit the photo exhibition 'We too Contribute'. There was a great deal of interest in both the exhibition and the talk.

Feedback forms indicated that the discussion was extremely well received and resulted in requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.urbanicityalerts.org/urbanicityalerts/IFAv1.htm
 
Description 2012 HAI Dunford 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Expert participant, HelpAge International/Global Knowledge Brokers' workshop, Dunford, 23-24th February 2012.

HelpAge International drew up a report, 'Achieving income security in old age: Taking stock and pushing the boundaries', which they used in a review of their advocacy work on pensions and livelihoods.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 2012 UEA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact May 2012 'Dalit women's narratives of the life course and linked lives', International Conference on Dalit Women's Narratives and Voices: Cross-disciplinary Perspectives, University of East Anglia, 3rd-4th May. Sparked Qs and discussion.

Raised a good deal of interest in the life course/linked lives approach.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 2014 BBK Magazine Review 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Research showcased in BBK, Birkbeck's Magazine Review, 2013, issue 32, 'The poverty and working lives of older people in India', p32-33 http://www.bbk.ac.uk/downloads/birkbeck-magazine/bbk32.pdf

Increase in requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbk.ac.uk/downloads/birkbeck-magazine/bbk32.pdf
 
Description Be Birkbeck Public Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact April 2015 'Ageism and the Economy in Later Life', Identity Lecture Series, 2015, Be Birkbeck Lectures, Birkbeck, 23 April University of London, Birkbeck's lecture series for the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Brit Academy International Conference 2010 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Photo exhibition received a lot of interest at the British Academy, International Conference, China-India: Paths of Economic and Social Development, London 18-19th November 2010.


The Editor of The Hindu expressed considerable interest in the exhibition and in publishing a photo-led article in their newspaper (2.2 million readers).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description CRA, Southampton 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The presentation sparked questions and discussion.

I was invited to give a follow up presentation in 2013
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Chennai Workshop: Public (food) Distribution System and Pensions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact a workshop with urban activist groups, slum dwellers organisations and academics/researchers to discuss how they could incorporate older people and their needs into a study of social assistance programmes directed at the urban poor generally and at older people specifically

we collaborated with NGOs at the workshop to undertake small comparative surveys across Chennai
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Dinamani, Tamil Newspaper article 2010 Sept 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Tamil daily newspaper, Dinamani, published an article in Tamil Nadu on 20.9.10 under the title: Give pension to all older people above 60-says London Univ

The newspaper article disseminated the findings of the research to a Tamil reading public, not reached by earlier coverage in English medium publications and led to further request for information and press interviews.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description HAI 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact March 2011, presented a research framework, 'Analysing work in old age: the case of Chennai', to a half-day in-house training on livelihoods for HelpAge International and Age UK staff - the presentation sparked questions and discussions.

Invited to present paper to HelpAge International's Policy and Programmes Department Away Day in December 2011.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description HAI Dec 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gave a presentation on 'Old Age Livelihoods: the case of Chennai', to HelpAge International's Policy and Programmes Department Away Day. This sparked a lot of questions and discussion.

This arose from earlier training of HAI staff and led to an invitation to participate in a wide ranging review of HelpAge International's advocacy work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Human Development Report Office, UNDP 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact February 2011 'Visibility, equity and sustainability, extending human development to the older poor : ageing in South India' Presentation to the Human Development Report Office, United Nations Development Programme, New York, 10 February.

Invited by HelpAge International to join their presentation to the Human Development Report Office, UNDP, New York, on making older people visible in their Human Development Reports (HDR) as a first step to extending development to the older poor. We were informed that we had made a strong case.

The HDR 2013 included population ageing and the HDR 2014 Sustaining Human Progress:
Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience integrated older people throughout.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description NDA End of Programme Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The talk sparked questions about the research and securing impact.

The Chief Executive of Age International discussed exhibiting the photo essay at Age International/Age UK/HelpAge International's head office for all staff to benefit from. I was introduced to the President of the International Federation of Ageing, who was organising the IFA's 12th Global Conference in India in June 2014, heard my talk and saw the photo essay at this event. I was subsequently invited to give four papers at the conference, screen one documentary and show an edited version of the photo essay at the IFA Conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.ageuk.org.uk/professional-resources-home/conferences/a-new-dynamic-of-ageing/
 
Description Newspaper article : No mercy killing, this 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The project PI, Penny Vera-Sanso and Collaborator, V Suresh, wrote a newspaper article 'No mercy killing, this' for The Hindu, one of India's most widely circulated newspapers, setting the recently rediscovered traditional practice of mercy killing (Thalaikoothal) within a larger socio-economic framework.

Our take on this highly controversial subject resulted in a change in the administrative policy (from criminalising to supporting families with elderly people that are under particular economic pressure) main district affected in South India, an interview for a Tamil language radio station in Singapore, information requested for a current affairs programme in India, a number of citations in traditional and on-line media, including Wikipedia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
URL http://www.hindu.com/mag/2010/03/21/stories/2010032150130400.htm
 
Description Photo Exhibition 2009 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Inauguration of the Photo Essay 'We too Contribute' and panel discussion, The Elderly Poor and Chennai's Economy, held at MOP Vaishnav College. Inaugurated by the Member Secretary of the Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority, Chennai, India, 25th November 2009. The Member Secretary was very moved by the exhibition and said it should be seen by as many government officials as possible. A lively discussion was had with lecturers, students and civil society actors.

The Member Secretary met with the project team to discuss how best to increase dissemination of the research findings. In 2013 he facilitated the display of the photo exhibition and subsequent meeting with senior officials of the Chennai Municipal Corporation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
URL http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/chennai/article160503.ece
 
Description Senior Citizen's Bureau, Chennai, India 2010 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation given to the Senior Citizen's Bureau, Chennai, India on urban poverty and ageing in Chennai on 20.9.10 followed by a discussion.

Presentation reported in the Tamil daily newspaper, Dinamani, published in Tamil Nadu on 20.9.10 under the title: Give pension to all older people above 60-says London Univ
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://dinamani.com/edition/print.aspx?artid=305593
 
Description The Hindu 2009 article Elderly among the poor in Chennai work until they are physically worn out : study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact In 2009 The Hindu wrote an article on the research project, entitled ' Elderly among the poor in Chennai work until they are physically worn out : study'. This gave early media coverage of the project to a readership of 2.2 million people.

This was the start of a relationship with The Hindu in which they covered many of our events and in 2013 backed our project with a joint campaign to raise awareness of older people's work through a photo competition and series of articles.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
URL http://beta.thehindu.com/news/cities/Chennai/article54613.ece
 
Description University Lecture (Kings College) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Gave lecture which drew directly on the projects' research: Ageing in India: demographic change and older people's work', PG module: Ageing in a Global Context, Department of Social Science, Health & Medicine, Kings College, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description University lecture (Kings College, London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Gave lecture based on the two research projects : 'Ageing in India: demographic change and older people's work', PG module: Ageing in a Global Context, Department of Social Science, Health & Medicine, Kings College, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016