Motivated identity construction in cultural context

Lead Research Organisation: University of Sussex
Department Name: Sch of Psychology

Abstract

Beyond basic needs for food, water, affiliation and security, people’s thoughts and actions are often guided by symbolic needs, including identity motives - which predispose people to see themselves in particular ways.



Research has shown that people in contemporary Western societies are motivated to see themselves positively (the self-esteem motive), as distinguished from others (the distinctiveness motive), persisting through time (the continuity motive), accepted by others (the belonging motive), competent and capable (the efficacy motive), and having meaning and purpose (the meaning motive). However, researchers have debated the relevance of these motives to people in non-Western cultures - the majority of the world’s population.



We conducted two large-scale survey studies measuring the strengths of identity motives, sources of motive satisfaction, and cultural beliefs and values, among 14,000 participants across 38 nations. Supporting a middle way between ‘universalist’ and ‘relativist’ perspectives, identity motives varied little in strength, but ways of satisfying each motive varied considerably with beliefs and values across diverse cultural groupings. Thus, a common set of motives underlies the different expressions and outcomes of identity observed across cultures. This improved understanding may be beneficial to practitioners in domains from psychotherapy to education, health promotion, business management, social cohesion, and international relations.


Organisations

 
Description [From our original End of Award Report:] Beyond basic needs for food, water, affiliation and security, people's thoughts and actions are often guided by symbolic needs. These include identity motives, which predispose people to see themselves in particular ways. Previous research has shown that people in contemporary Western societies are motivated to see themselves positively (the self-esteem motive), as distinguished from others (the distinctiveness motive), persisting through time (the continuity motive), accepted within their social circles (the belonging motive), competent and capable (the efficacy motive), and imbued with meaning and purpose (the meaning motive). However, little was known about the generality of these motives to people in non-Western cultures-the majority of the world's population-and theories were polarized between 'universalist' and 'relativist' positions.

We assembled a new research network spanning 38 nations and conducted two large-scale survey studies measuring the strengths of identity motives, different sources of motive satisfaction, and cultural beliefs and values, among 14,000 participants.

Our findings support a middle way between univeralist and relativist perspectives. Supporting universalism, identity motives show little variation in strength with beliefs, values or practices across diverse cultural groupings. Supporting relativism, ways of satisfying each motive vary across cultural groupings. Thus, a common set of motives underlies the different expressions and outcomes of identity observed across cultures.
Exploitation Route [From our original End of Award Report:] This improved understanding of the interface between culture and identity motives may be especially beneficial to UK practitioners seeking to intervene in a culturally sensitive manner in multicultural domains from psychotherapy to education, health promotion, business management, social cohesion, and international relations.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Education,Healthcare,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Retail,Other
URL https://sites.google.com/site/identitymotives/
 
Description [From our original impact report:] Although the primary aims of the project were to contribute to basic research, we wrote in our original proposal that we believed the research would have a 'human interest' dimension that might be of interest to members of the general public, and that the results might be relevant to practitioners seeking to intervene in a culturally sensitive manner in identity-related domains ranging from psychotherapy to education, health promotion, business management, social cohesion, and international relations. We still believe this to be the case. However, the most relevant outputs for non-academics are likely to be the forthcoming paper on the generality of six identity motives across diverse cultural systems, and the yet-to-be-published paper on cultural diversity in self-construals. Both of these papers in different ways will challenge popular stereotypical thinking about culture. The identity motives paper will show that, beneath superficial differences, there is more commonality in underlying motives than might at first appear between members of very different cultural groups. The self-construals paper will challenge the popular "East-West" dichotomy that dominates much popular and academic discourse about cultural differences, in particular showing the presence of meaningful and predictable cultural differences between clusters of nations that are more commonly lumped together under the dismissive label of "non-Western". Thus, although the research has not yet had an economic or social impact, we believe that the potential for such an impact is there, and we hope to achieve this once our academic findings are accepted and established.
First Year Of Impact 2012
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Addis Ababa University
Country Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation American University in Cairo
Country Egypt, Arab Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation American University of Beirut
Country Lebanon, Lebanese Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Ankara University
Country Turkey, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Ateneo de Manila University
Country Philippines, Republic of the 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Catholic University of Louvain
Country Belgium, Kingdom of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
Country Italy, Italian Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Sciences
Country China, People's Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Chinese University of Hong Kong
Country Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region of China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Complutense University of Madrid
Country Spain, Kingdom of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Federal University of Paraíba
Country Brazil, Federative Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Federal University of Pará
Country Brazil, Federative Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Free University of Tbilisi
Country Georgia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Friedrich Schiller University of Jena (FSU)
Country Germany, Federal Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Hokkaido University
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Country Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region of China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA)
Country Hungary, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Makerere University
Country Uganda, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Nanyang Technological University
Country Singapore, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation National Research University Higher School of Economics
Country Russian Federation 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Pontifical Catholic University of Peru
Country Peru, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Country Chile, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Queen's University of Belfast
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Salgado de Oliveira University
Country Brazil, Federative Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Sultan Qaboos University
Country Oman, Sultanate of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Thammasat University
Country Thailand, Kingdom of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Uludag University
Country Turkey, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Country Brazil, Federative Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University College Ostfold
Country Norway, Kingdom of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Buea
Country Cameroon, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Colorado
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Delhi
Country India, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Gdansk
Country Poland, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Ghana
Country Ghana, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Iceland
Country Iceland, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of KwaZulu-Natal
Country South Africa, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Leipzig
Country Germany, Federal Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Malaya
Country Malaysia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Miami
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Namibia
Country Namibia, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Tartu
Country Estonia, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Victoria
Country Australia, Commonwealth of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of the Andes Colombia
Country Colombia, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation West University of Timisoara
Country Romania 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Yasar University
Country Turkey, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Cada vez más individualistas : Así estamos 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article in leading Chilean weekend newspaper "La Tercera", which mentions early results from our analyses of cultural orientations across the samples of Study 2. A particular focus of the article is the individualistic cultural profile shown by our Chilean participants.

La Tercera
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://diario.latercera.com/2011/11/05/01/contenido/tendencias/26-89310-9-cada-vez-mas-individualist...
 
Description Identity motives in cultural context (Invited research talk, Royal Holloway) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Western research has identified various 'identity motives' that predispose people to see themselves in particular ways: emphasizing positive self-regard (self-esteem), continuity, distinctiveness, belonging, efficacy, and meaning. However, theorists disagree about the relevance of these motives in non-Western cultures, and existing evidence is hotly debated. Relativists argue that identity motives are simply internalized reflections of cultural beliefs and values. Universalists claim that particular motives have adaptive functions that should not depend on culture. Our findings support a middle way between these positions. Supporting universalism, identity motives show little variation in strength with beliefs, values or practices across diverse cultural groupings. However, cultural groupings show different characteristic ways of satisfying each motive. Thus, a common set of underlying motives may lead to different patterns of self-construal and social action in the context of different cultural systems, supporting Shweder's concept of "universalism without the uniformity".

The talk stimulated lively debate and useful discussions with colleagues that were mutually enriching.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The interplay of cultural and motivational influences on identity construction (Invited research talk, University of Essex) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Beyond basic needs for food, water, affiliation and security, people's thoughts and actions are often guided by symbolic needs. These include identity motives, which predispose people to see themselves in particular ways. Previous research has shown that people in contemporary Western societies are motivated to see themselves positively (the self-esteem motive), as distinguished from others (the distinctiveness motive), persisting through time (the continuity motive), accepted within their social circles (the belonging motive), competent and capable (the efficacy motive), and imbued with meaning and purpose (the meaning motive). However, little has been known about the generality of these motives to people in non-Western cultures-the majority of the world's population-and theories have been polarized between 'universalist' and 'relativist' positions. I will review recent findings from two large-scale survey studies measuring the strengths of identity motives, different sources of motive satisfaction, and cultural beliefs and values, among a total of 14,000 members of cultural groupings spanning 38 nations. The findings support a middle way between univeralist and relativist perspectives. Supporting universalism, identity motives show a relatively similar pattern of effects on identity construction across cultural groups varying widely in beliefs, values and practices. However, cultural groupings show different characteristic ways of satisfying each motive. Thus, a common set of motives appears to underlie the different expressions and outcomes of identity observed across cultures, supporting Shweder's concept of "universalism without the uniformity".

The talk stimulated interesting discussions that were mutually enriching for me and for the colleagues who attended.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012