Managing Environmental Change at the Fringe: Reconnecting Science and Policy with the Rural-Urban Fringe

Lead Research Organisation: Birmingham City University
Department Name: TEE Birmingham School of Built Env

Abstract

The spaces where countryside meets town are often amongst society's most valued places yet arguably, lack sufficient understanding and integrated management within the UK.






  • What is this "rural-urban fringe"?


  • How is it changing and why?


  • And how can environmental change be managed more effectively where uncertainty, diversity, neglect, conflict and transition commonly feature?



This project builds on existing research and decision-making tools, set within a new conceptual framework. Crucially, the expertise and experience of academics and practitioners will be combined within a research team which pursues strategic and interdisciplinary agendas within a multi-staged process.



Initially social and natural science concepts from spatial planning and ecosystem services are explored theoretically to identify and evaluate management issues and needs. From these, strategic principles are proposed and applied within two rural-urban fringe case study areas involving desk studies, policy- based assessments and visioning exercises incorporating local stakeholders' perspectives.



A project monitoring and evaluation component also assesses research team learning and impact on resulting work practices. All results will be disseminated through reports, papers, real/virtual conference(s), the project website and podcasts. Collectively, these outputs will promote an integrated and spatial model for rural-urban fringe management and signpost further research addressing the environmental change agenda.

 
Title Video 1 : the rural urban fringe 
Description Video Policy Brief 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2012 
 
Title Video 2 : spatial planning and ecosystems approach 
Description Video Policy Brief 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2012 
 
Title Video 3 : connectivity 
Description Video Policy Brief 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2012 
 
Title Video 4 : values 
Description Video Policy Brief 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2012 
 
Title Video 5 : long termism 
Description Video Policy Brief 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2012 
 
Description The rural-urban fringe (RUF), the space where countryside meets town, is amongst society's most valued and pressured places. However, in policy and decision-making it remains largely forgotten, lacking sufficient understanding and evidence for integrated management. This research re-discovers the RUF set within more positive, inclusive and proactive agendas for management. Here, the focus was on assessing the implications of policy and decision-making processes and outcomes for the sustainability of the RUF. Our assessment tool was a framework uniquely fusing ideas within the Ecosystem Approach (EA) and Spatial Planning (SP) to provide an improved lens within which to view the RUF. A research team was established involving academics, policy advisors and practitioners working collectively across professional, disciplinary, scalar and sectoral boundaries. Three cross-cutting themes emerged from the fusion of SP and EA ideas; Connections, Time and Values. These concepts were unpacked within eight themed workshops and two RUF site-based visioning exercises which formed the primary data for the project.

Key Findings

Re-discovering the RUF
1. The RUF needs to be re-positioned as an opportunity space based on assessments of the needs of the people, place and environment within the RUF itself.
2. The rural aspects of the fringe need to be considered more explicitly in policy and decisions rather than imposing urban expansion models.

Reconnecting the urban and rural divide
3. Agendas, policy frameworks and goals tend to be pursued separately across the urban and rural institutions creating a marked policy and practice 'disintegration'.
4. The ideas of SP and the EA are jargon-heavy. Our cross-cutting themes of Connections, Time and Values allow professional sectors and publics to engage, interact and participate more effectively within more inclusive and understandable concepts and language.

Improving connections by crossing boundaries
5. The RUF is an 'edge' space crossing many boundaries with a complex pattern of explicit and hidden connections. This requires unpacking within and across RUF spaces. Working across multiple scales (national, landscape, local and neighbourhood), sectors (e.g. landscape, nature conservation, economic development) and actors (e.g. planners, developers, environmentalists, communities) is key, yet demands significant changes in work practices and tools to deliver more joined-up responses.

Adapting for the long-term
6. Policymakers often fail to learn from the past when planning for the future. Here, the lack of adequate resources to capture institutional and human capital is significant. For example, research undertaken on the RUF for the Countryside Agency (2000-2006) was only available through personal copies of a project officer.
7. The RUF is a transitory space, defined within short-term thinking but requiring more long term policy and investment opportunities. However, learning from new and experimental approaches is key when planning for uncertainty with partial evidence.

Managing contested values
8. The RUF is valued differently by different people and those values need to be unpacked using monetary and non-monetary approaches. There is a danger that, in decision making we only value what can be easily measured as opposed to measuring what people really value.
Exploitation Route Rufopoly: This decision making game is being used by people and agencies worldwide. We provide a guidance kit for teachers and work with groups who need our help

Conceptual framework : This work has led to a follow on project as part of the National Ecosystem Assessment Follow on programme. The subsequent framework and thinking builds from the RELU project and incorporates a web portal NEAT TREE
http://neat.ecosystemsknowledge.net/

There is a need to link together emergent strands of peri urban research in a large project to try and improve the way we plan and manage such areas. At present most of the planning debates are as a result of the lack of clarity over the rural urban fringe spaces. A large ESRC grant is under preparation.
Sectors Construction,Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/research/-centres-of-excellence/centre-for-environment-and-society/projects/relu/overview
 
Description The pioneering research in this case study has uniquely provided a theoretical integration between SP and EA paradigms using this fusion to provide tools that can operationalize this approach to land use governance. This new thinking and the associated tools have gained considerable national and international policy attention, and have already led to changes in national, regional and local planning practice. Research findings have been adapted to maximize knowledge exchange and impact. Within Relu research on the RUF; the development of the "Rufopoly" learning tool together with five video policy briefs have engaged different publics and decision-makers. Since 2015 Rufopoly has been adapted within an ESRC award that led to participology. This is now taking the fixed game format and making it adaptabel to a range of user requirements. o Representations about the value of the Ecosystems Approach were made as part of the consultation on the National Planning Policy Framework, based on this research, and this point is reflected in the wording of paragraph 109 of the final NPPF o Natural England have developed new policy platforms linking spatial planning and the ecosystem approach together following this research o National Farmers Union via David Collier have embarked on a new partnership with Swedish dairy farmers looking at fringe opportunities o A policy brief on Nature Improvement Areas utilized findings from our research o Progress in Planning Paper has influenced the RTPI in its policy and research approaches. o Rufopoly has been adapted with funding in an EU LEADER project in Sweden and also developed into Plainsopoly in Rural Nebraska Rufopoly The game has been endorsed by government, community groups and decision-makers since it was created in November 2011. Since then, it has been demonstrated to over 300 people, many of whom took part in playing the game. A Swedish version of the game is being developed by Mattias Qvistrom from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. o Significantly it has been played by members of Defra's Senior management team, the Greater Birmingham and Solihul LEP and Worcestershire LEP as part of policy development exercises o Rufopoly has also been used with a range of other audiences, including: Welsh Government; Staffordshire County Council Cabinet members; RTPI; Welsh hill farmers; Cannock Chase AONB; Swedish Agricultural University and Federation of Swedish Farmers; West Midlands school pupils and college students; and BCU students. o It has made appearances at a variety of events across the UK, including: Games to save the Planet UK Climate Week 2013 . LWEC Journey to Adaptation 2012; RELU conference "Who Should Run the Countryside 2011?"; The Great Debate 2012: a partnership between Professional Institutes for the built environment (RTPI, RICS, RIBA); Techfest Birmingham; It has also been used by schools and promoted by the Geographical Society as a learning resource . The video extract from LWEC TV highlights the "way this tool encourages thinking different ly across traditional conflict zones" whilst others have praised its ability to "reduce complexity of RUF issues to wider publics" and to get people understanding the implications of various decisions they make. Rufopoly has progressed to its own ESRC grant completed in 2015 which forms another output. The game has now been played and used as part of strategy formation by Government (Welsh Government: Natural Resource Management Programme), Business (Greater Birmingham and Solihull LEP: (http://centreofenterprise.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/GBSLEP-SSFP-Worcestershire1.pdf), to help Councillors in plan development (Politicians in Planning Network; Staffordshire County Council) and support GCSE and A Level curricula within six school workshops (Queen Mary Grammar School Walsall), championed by the Geographical Association (http://www.geography.org.uk/download/GA_1119RUFopoly.doc) and ESRC (http://www.socialscienceforschools.org.uk/news/blog-2013/July-2013.aspx). It has been recognized as an exemplar for adaptive management and social learning within RCUK's Living With Environmental Change partnership (http://www.lwec.org.uk/supporting-journey-adaptation), ESRC (http://www.esrc.ac.uk/news-and-events/features-casestudies/features/26803/la
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Economic
 
Description ESRC Knowledge Exchange Scheme
Amount £110,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/M006522/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 12/2014 
End 11/2015
 
Description Green Infrastructure funding
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/N017587/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2019
 
Description Research Council UK and UK Government National Ecosystem Assessment Follow on Programme WP10 Tools
Amount £200,000 (GBP)
Organisation Research Councils UK (RCUK) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 04/2012 
End 05/2014
 
Title Rufopoly 
Description This is a decision making participatory tool using a game format to enable players to make decisions about a fictitious rural urban fringe 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - human 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact ESRC have used this game as an exemplar case study http://www.esrc.ac.uk/news-and-events/features-casestudies/features/26803/Land_management_at_the_roll_of_a_dice.aspx It has been featured as a case study for humanitarian futures project ELHRA.org http://www.humanitarianfutures.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/CS25-Board.pdf It was showcased the Games to save the planet in March 2013 as aprt of Cliamte Change week March 2013 at the Science museum September 2012 Played with the Greater Birmingham and Solihull LEP to inform their spatial plan exercise. The results helped shape the wheel of lEP fortune. http://centreofenterprise.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/GBSLEP-SSFP-Worcestershire1.pdf September - December 2013: Working with Professor Richard Wakeford (Visiting Professor, BCU) and colleagues from the University of Nebraska, an American version of Rufopoloy has been developed. Termed 'Plainsopoly', it has been designed to capture the key planning issues facing Nebraska. A press release highlights the development. A joint paper is currently under development. The rufopoly game format has also led to Alister introducing the idea of a game for consultation as part of the Greater Birmingham and Solihull LEPs spatial plan consultation. Termed the 'game of growth', it was the centre piece of the various LEP consultation events in November/December 2013. The LEP's innovative approach led to a Highly Commended award in the Strategic Planning category for the first ever Placemaking awards, held at the British Museum, January 2014. Alister Scott has also become part of a LEADER Steering Committee for the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Malmo. A Swedish version of Rufopoly is now being created following the visit of Collier and Scott (team members of the Relu project on the rural urban fringe) in January 2013. This project is trying to use the Rufopoly format for exploring the rural urban fringe in Sweden with professionals and community groups. Alister is running a workshop for the Department of Communities and Local Government staff in London on February 14 2013. 
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/research/-centres-of-excellence/centre-for-environment-and-society/projects/rel...
 
Description Ecosystem services valuation 
Organisation Birmingham City Council
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Examining Ecosystem Services Valuation in relation to Birmingham's (UK) Green spaces.
Collaborator Contribution Developing frameworks for using ecosystem services within and across the City Council and exposing students to this work.
Impact No formal outputs as yet a PhD (Carter) is likely to produce these
Start Year 2011
 
Description Greater Birmingham and Solihull Local Enterprise Partnership: Spatial Framework for Recovery and Growth 
Organisation Greater Birmingham and Solihull Local Enterprise Partnership (GBSLEP)
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Following the success of Rufopoly and workshop sessions held as part of the Relu exercise on the rural urban fringe the PI was able to play a lead role in the development of the spatial plan with a theme lead of the quality of life and environment theme. Our results from the rural urban fringe research continued to influence this.
Collaborator Contribution The partnership of the spatial plan is a group of 9 local authorities chaired by Birmingham City Council and public and prviate sector planners who are working to make the spatial plan
Impact the thinking has produced the draft spatial framework but the seeds were from my contribution Specific outputs include within thee project lifecycle: Lepology http://centreofenterprise.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/GBSLEP-SSFP-Worcestershire1.pdf Urban Rural Connections and the LEP http://www.bcu.ac.uk/Download/Asset/f208a750-67b2-4833-bc1d-2bd00b5f8f57
Start Year 2012
 
Description Natural England 
Organisation Natural England
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution This is a partnership to help continue discussions within the research project. This work led directly to our follow on work with the UK National Ecosystem Assessment. The partnership has also led to seminars and workshops where BCU staff provide input to support NE staff development. Rufopoly has been used to help frame discussions
Collaborator Contribution NE have provided direct funding for a PhD. The 6k is per year but I cant include the full three years due to uncertainty over future years funding. NE staff have provided support through in kind contributions to use over the last 3 years to the tune of 60k. This helps support research grants and enables us to tap into their expertise across 3 main areas of interest.
Impact They are using this collaboration in their own work programmes so the outputs are subtle. Applying the Ecosystem Approach at the landscape scale: Exploring new perspectives on land use planning and management advice for city regions
Start Year 2012
 
Description Rural urban fringe European network University of Copehagen 
Organisation Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research
Country Belgium, Kingdom of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Ths is a new partnership formed by a network of researchers who have been stuying the rural urban fringe across the EU. Scott was asked to contribute a key paper drawing from his RELU experience. A preliminary workshop took place in Copenhagen in 14/15 November 2016. "Researching the Rural Urban Fringe"
Collaborator Contribution There were a series of papers to present different wats of researching the fringe There was then a discussion to progress this work through a joint sesson at a forthcoming conference http://www.iale-europe.eu/call-papers). Further collaboration was discussed as a basis to try and mould an EU grant application
Impact Researching the Rural Urban Fringe AJ Scott presentation to University of Copehagen 15 November. 2016 (co-organisers of conference IALE 2017 European Congress From pattern and process to people and action Ghent, 12-15 September 2017 dedicated paper session 12-15 September 2017
Start Year 2016
 
Description Rural urban fringe European network University of Copehagen 
Organisation Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research
Country Germany, Federal Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Ths is a new partnership formed by a network of researchers who have been stuying the rural urban fringe across the EU. Scott was asked to contribute a key paper drawing from his RELU experience. A preliminary workshop took place in Copenhagen in 14/15 November 2016. "Researching the Rural Urban Fringe"
Collaborator Contribution There were a series of papers to present different wats of researching the fringe There was then a discussion to progress this work through a joint sesson at a forthcoming conference http://www.iale-europe.eu/call-papers). Further collaboration was discussed as a basis to try and mould an EU grant application
Impact Researching the Rural Urban Fringe AJ Scott presentation to University of Copehagen 15 November. 2016 (co-organisers of conference IALE 2017 European Congress From pattern and process to people and action Ghent, 12-15 September 2017 dedicated paper session 12-15 September 2017
Start Year 2016
 
Description Rural urban fringe European network University of Copehagen 
Organisation Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Country Sweden, Kingdom of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Ths is a new partnership formed by a network of researchers who have been stuying the rural urban fringe across the EU. Scott was asked to contribute a key paper drawing from his RELU experience. A preliminary workshop took place in Copenhagen in 14/15 November 2016. "Researching the Rural Urban Fringe"
Collaborator Contribution There were a series of papers to present different wats of researching the fringe There was then a discussion to progress this work through a joint sesson at a forthcoming conference http://www.iale-europe.eu/call-papers). Further collaboration was discussed as a basis to try and mould an EU grant application
Impact Researching the Rural Urban Fringe AJ Scott presentation to University of Copehagen 15 November. 2016 (co-organisers of conference IALE 2017 European Congress From pattern and process to people and action Ghent, 12-15 September 2017 dedicated paper session 12-15 September 2017
Start Year 2016
 
Description Rural urban fringe European network University of Copehagen 
Organisation University of Copenhagen
Country Denmark, Kingdom of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Ths is a new partnership formed by a network of researchers who have been stuying the rural urban fringe across the EU. Scott was asked to contribute a key paper drawing from his RELU experience. A preliminary workshop took place in Copenhagen in 14/15 November 2016. "Researching the Rural Urban Fringe"
Collaborator Contribution There were a series of papers to present different wats of researching the fringe There was then a discussion to progress this work through a joint sesson at a forthcoming conference http://www.iale-europe.eu/call-papers). Further collaboration was discussed as a basis to try and mould an EU grant application
Impact Researching the Rural Urban Fringe AJ Scott presentation to University of Copehagen 15 November. 2016 (co-organisers of conference IALE 2017 European Congress From pattern and process to people and action Ghent, 12-15 September 2017 dedicated paper session 12-15 September 2017
Start Year 2016
 
Description Rural urban fringe European network University of Copehagen 
Organisation University of Stockholm
Department Department of Human Geography
Country Sweden, Kingdom of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Ths is a new partnership formed by a network of researchers who have been stuying the rural urban fringe across the EU. Scott was asked to contribute a key paper drawing from his RELU experience. A preliminary workshop took place in Copenhagen in 14/15 November 2016. "Researching the Rural Urban Fringe"
Collaborator Contribution There were a series of papers to present different wats of researching the fringe There was then a discussion to progress this work through a joint sesson at a forthcoming conference http://www.iale-europe.eu/call-papers). Further collaboration was discussed as a basis to try and mould an EU grant application
Impact Researching the Rural Urban Fringe AJ Scott presentation to University of Copehagen 15 November. 2016 (co-organisers of conference IALE 2017 European Congress From pattern and process to people and action Ghent, 12-15 September 2017 dedicated paper session 12-15 September 2017
Start Year 2016
 
Description South Downs national park 
Organisation South Downs National Park
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution I have been working with the South Downs National Park Authority to help them mainstream the ecosystem approach into their local plan. This has involved several meetings, skypes and one to ones to help improve their policy and plans. This is a co-produced and iterative piece of work. I have led workshops but in such a way that these are part of ongoing conversations and dialogue rather than an end point.
Collaborator Contribution Co-production ehtic is driving the process. Thye have a local plan to produce. I have research intelligence to help them. They have worked with me to help produce a joint paper under review They have tested participlogy for their own GI applicatons and strategy.
Impact Scott, AJ; Carter C., Hardman, M. , Grayson, N. and Slaney T (under review) Mainstreaming nature's value(s) into built environment policy and decision-making Land Use Policy Scott AJ (2016) Planning for GI in the Urban Fringe: re-discovering new opportunity spaces? Invited keynote to GreenArc presentation September 2016. London.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Association of American Geographers Annual Conference. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked question and international collaborations and papers in further conferences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Belgian PhD winter school 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions which then led to a Rufopoly decision game.


New contacts formed leading to the development of Rufopoly in the university of Ghent.
New research partnership between myself and one participant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ilvo.vlaanderen.be/phdwinterschool/PhDWS/Organisers/tabid/3466/language/en-US/Default.asp...
 
Description Bridging the rural urban divide : green economic opportunities for the Greater Birmingham and Solihull local enterprise partnership (LEP) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact A facilitated workshop to discuss the rural urban fringe with a specifc focus on the emerging Local Enteprrise Partnerships. Some 88 partcipants from business, environment and community sectors attended.

Led to active consideration of environmental matters in the GBSLEP agenda.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/Download/Asset/f208a750-67b2-4833-bc1d-2bd00b5f8f57
 
Description Bringing Environmental Debate into The A Level Classroom 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Resource sparked interest from schools. See below.

The article led to requests from schools for support. We developed a simple powerpoint guidance pack for teachers with audio.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.geography.org.uk/download/GA_1119RUFopoly.doc
 
Description Countryside and Community Research Unit Keynote Disintegrated development in the rural urban fringe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk led to questions and further engagement activities.
Rufopoly session attracted a lot of interest.

Further engagement with CCRU on research and collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.ccri.ac.uk/2012ruralpolconf/
 
Description Disintegrated Development at the Urban Rural Fringe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk was delivered as part of Cardiff University public engagement lectures and made into a video

Discussions with Bridgend planners that led to further work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3mAdZjKEGwI
 
Description ESRC Case Study Rufopoly Land Management at the roll of the die 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ESRC using the game as a case study has helped increase our exposure of the planning tool.

More email requests for downloads of the board so we have now placed it on the web site.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.esrc.ac.uk/news-and-events/features-casestudies/features/26803/Land_management_at_the_rol...
 
Description Enhancing Humanitarian Research for Humanitarian Assistance Case Study Rufopoly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This is a case study of how a game based format can improve participation and outcomes.

Improved press exposure and key influence in future funding bid to ESRC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.elrha.org/dialogues/case-studies/case-study-25-board-games
 
Description Games to Save the Planet 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of Climate week we were invited to showcase Rufopoly to an invited audience at the Science museum. This forms part of a funded project led by Dr Paula Owen on Games to Save the Planet . This one year programme of work falls under the London Sustainable Development Commission (LSDC) and supported by the Mayor of London's officehttp://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/paula-owen/can-games-help-save-the-planet_b_2755430.html

Requests for further Rufopoly demonstrations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Gaywood Valley Kings Lynn SURF project Rufopoly workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The game format with technical briefing led to further support for the local urban fringe work and policy decisions. The board download address was given for future use.

Future use and application as a participative tool.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Green Arc London rural urban Fringe annual meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was an annnual meeting of GREENARC in support of Londons rural urban fringe. http://www.greenarc.org/
I was asked to do an update on my work as part of their own policy development. This was a keynote to report on latest research and to identify opportunities and barriers

The proejct led to a new working elationship wiith the landscape Insititute and also the GI manager for Lodon who has since worked with me on a current NERC grant on green infrastructure. .
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Illuminating the Rural Urban Fringe Invited keynote to Swedish Agricultural University, LRF (Federation of Swedish Farmers) and City of Malmo public lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This talk generated substantive interest.
David Collier was one of the presenters and his talk enabled the Swedish NFU to engage with a progamme of reciprocal visits to discuss farming on the fringe.
The use of Rufopoly led to a Swedish project as part of the LEADER scheme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Improving decision making for the sustainable management of the rural-urban fringe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop hosted by The West Midlands Rural Affairs Forum. 25 participants.

Led to formal presentation to the forum about the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/Download/Asset/76253968-c621-44ba-8ded-58e10e3efce1
 
Description Institutional memory workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Institutional Memory Workshop looking at the loss of institutions. 14 attendees. This workshop secured 14 planners who have worked at the regional scale over the last 20-30 years. The aim was to capture their experiences before they were lost.

This shaped further discussions informing the development and remit of the Futures Network West Midlands group. It fed into the core data of the Relu Project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/Download/Asset/7db93e2b-e804-4196-9291-00384201311d
 
Description LEPology 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This led to the development of a series of working groups for a spatial plan process.

Led to the project work informing the LEP spatial plan process.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://centreofenterprise.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/GBSLEP-SSFP-Worcestershire1.pdf
 
Description LWEC Video Journey to Adaption 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The video led to greater appreciation of the impact of Rufopoly.

Led to an impact study being written for the tool.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.lwec.org.uk/supporting-journey-adaptation
 
Description Localize West Midlands Research workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Fed into the research project data.

Improved linkages and work with Localize West Midlands.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/Download/Asset/f25aec35-d1ec-444e-a1f7-a03d1a3ad143
 
Description Long term economics issues and the green built environment : risk, investment, the future, discounting, intergenerational equity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A one day conference looking at long termism and contested values in the rural urban fringe. 44 attendees.

Results used in project and Green Economics publications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/Download/Asset/2cb6b61d-2348-46fa-a930-c3f87dc2fe82
 
Description Managing Economic Growth at the Rural Urban Fringe Keynote talk to the Royal Town Planning Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk led to further keynote invitations. Arun Rother connections. Well received by the Institute.

Invited on to the Policy Practice and Research Committee of the RTPI
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.rtpi.org.uk/events/rtpi-planning-convention/rtpi-planning-convention-2013/
 
Description Managing Environmental Change at the Rural Urban Fringe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The talk led to further developments and engagements with Aberdeen City Council within the SURF project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.periurbanparks.eu/storage/files/4e69d4f6c0fb9.pdf
 
Description Managing Environmental Change at the Rural-Urban Fring - Project Newsletter - Issue 1 , November 2010 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Managing Environmental Change at the Rural-Urban Fringe - Project Newsletter - Issue 1 , November 2010

Requests for more information about the project,.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Managing Environmental Change at the Rural-Urban Fring - Project Newsletter - Issue 2 , July 2010 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Managing Environmental Change at the Rural-Urban Fringe - Project Newsletter - Issue 2 , July 2010

Information sharing and interest in our project through emails.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Managing environmental change at the rural-urban fringe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to the Wye, Severn and Avon Vales Integrated Biodiversity Delivery Area

Information presentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Managing environmental change at the rural-urban fringe final workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Highlighted key findings of the research project. The event attracted 150 participants and with Web Ex allowed international delegates to register and actively participate through live streaming.

This was a key conference to share our research findings. The global streaming led to a worldwide audience with live questions being fed in to discussions.
The conference led to collaborative partnerships with Richard Wakeford leading to the development of Plainsopoloy with the Rural Futures Institute in Nebraska and also via Mattias Qvistrom (speaker) with a Swedish Rufopoly
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/research/-centres-of-excellence/centre-for-environment-and-society/projects/rel...
 
Description New Perspectives on Planning Theory Conference UWE Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions about ecosystem approach and its relationship with spatial planning.

Follow up contacts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/Download/Asset/8b85cf16-2d2c-4152-a5f1-012e2792a95e
 
Description OECD keynote talk on the rural-urban fringe Paris : Rural Working party 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Good discussions and improved liaison with Richard Wakeford Chair.

ESERC joint KE bid involving OECD as a partner. Not submitted
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Plainsopoly Decision making game 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Game held at the Institute of Rural Futures Nebraska. Students developed the game with support from PI led to discussions with Secretary of State for US agriculture and keynote lectures

Game held at the Institute of Rural Futures Nebraska. Students developed the game with support from PI led to discussions with Secretary of State for US agriculture and keynote lectures
The success of the game has led to further collaborations with the Institute of Rural Futures and also an ongoing study looking at participatory governance in the Valley http://t.co/WgQsr6dCzG
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/built-environment/news-events/playing-around-with-rural-futures-in-birmingham-a...
 
Description Queen Mary Grammar School Walsall Rufopoly workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Rufopoly workshop to inform Geography curriculum
Talk sparked interest from pupils leading to further engagement in research project recently funded by ESRC

Talk sparked interest from pupils leading to further engagement in research project recently funded by ESRC
A Level geography fact sheet on Rufopoly produced by Geographical Association.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Rufopoly adaption to South Downs National Park Partnership activity 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The game format enabled discussions of key planning issues on the South Downs national park
BCU staff were able to inform both the questions and the game format

This approach led to South Downs national park being included in our Rufopoly grant bid as a partner.
South Downs National Park are keen to use this type of approach in their local plan exercise.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Rufopoly workshop Defra 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Good discussions in using the tool and support for more sessions involving other stakeholders.

Report and outputs led to support for future grant application (ESRC now successful)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Rufopoly: A trip to RUFSHIRE 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The rufopoly game was played and a discussion was held on the value of participative tools.

LWEC feature as a case study and appendix in KE handbook. The game and commentary on its value featured in a section of the LWEC video journey to adaption
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.lwec.org.uk/events/2012/supporting-the-journey-to-adaptation/interactive/rural-urban-frin...
 
Description SURF final conference June 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Results led to collaboration with Gaywood valley project.
Further downloads of Rufopoly project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Social Learning tracker 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact See attachment link. Clear evidence that the research exercise changed activities and work of agencies.
eg Natural England working with planners
Mark Reed including planners in stakeholder groups.

The learning pattern led to further research projects such as the National Ecosystem Assessment Follow on project where many of the core team were able to extend such learning in the use and development of tools incorporating ecosystem services.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/Download/Asset/dfbbcecc-ef7f-46a0-a695-f521694a4f8a
 
Description Staffordshire County Council Cabinet Rufopoly workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact The workshop generated huge interest in its application to neighborhood plans
Established a relationship with Leader of the council and its role in the PURPLE network (Peri urban areas network pan Europe)

Asked to participate in a recent 2014 PURPLE seminar.
Led to their involvement in a the recently awarded Rufopoly Resource kit grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Sweden visits to discuss urban fringe and development of Rufopoly 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Initial talks sparked interest leading to joint dairy farmer visits between Sweden Malmo and the UK
Under Prof Mattias Qvistrom they developed Rufopoly and used it in their own cultural context.
Further visits to help support the work and to provide feedback.
Led to their involvement in the ESRC award (see future funding)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description The Politicians in Planning Network Annual General Meeting Rufopoly workshop 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Strong support for game format and visions
Reflective thinking and debate on their own decision making in a safe environment.

Other requests for the board top lay with their own teams.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.rtpi.org.uk/media/10834/pipa_2012_programme_-_with_presentation_links.pdf
 
Description To Boldly Go : A journey through the rural-urban fringe Keynote talk to university of Salford Geography Seminar programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk generated linkages to support existing research projects. It enabled a reciprocal talk to occur at Birmingham
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description UK Ireland Annual Research Conference Special RELU themed session 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The targeted session rose awareness of the RELU living with environmental change programme and its impact with planning.

Further collaborations and grant bids particularly from contributors : Phillips and Bond.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.relu.ac.uk/news/Annual%20Reports/Annual%20Report%202011%20web%20version.pdf
 
Description UK/Ireland Planning Research Conference Paper on rural urban fringe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked question and interest in rural urban fringe matters

Follow up work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/Download/Asset/1f68439d-6b81-40b1-b755-93252610ecf5
 
Description Values and decision making 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop event hosted by Forest Research (FR). Looking at FR's (and others') expertise on values and valuation (and particularly cultural values) in relation to forest/landscape governance issues in the rural-urban fringe (RUF). 10 attendees

Informed our data and helped shape Forest Research work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/Download/Asset/c309f1d5-f3a5-47de-af86-2b8724820fda
 
Description Video Policy Briefs x 4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The video policy briefs provide a core output from the research and enable publics to understand the complexities of the rural urban fringe using simple language and examples. The videos use all our project team. The videos reflect the conceptual framework from our research and use data from our field research and workshops.



Raised awareness and feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.bcu.ac.uk/research/-centres-of-excellence/centre-for-environment-and-society/projects/rel...
 
Description Welsh Assembly Government Rufopoly workshop Aberystwyth 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop stimulated interest in developing an all Wales Rufopoly version.
The workshop led to support for a future funding call.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Who should run the countryside RELU celebratory conference 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop engaged with many stakeholders taking their own journey in RUFSHIRE . This was the first launch of Rufopoly and its imapct was very clear and immediate.

Led to improved board design and a whole series of Rufopoly workshops with a wide range of groups, agencies and publics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.relu.ac.uk/conference/
 
Description Workshop with Department of Communities and Local Government. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The role playing exercise as well received with relationships established to support further research and workshops. It was part of CPD activity for staff
The event was written up with results circulated.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013