PATT Linked Grant Support for the Bristol Astrophysics Group

Lead Research Organisation: University of Bristol
Department Name: Physics

Abstract

The Bristol Astrophysics Group works on a number of programmes that require careful observations to be made with the world's largest telescopes. This proposal requests two years of funding for travel to those telescopes and subsistence while working at them. In studies on the microwave background radiation, the left-over radiation from the Big Bang, it is important to remove contamination from foreground sources of emission that confuse our measurements of the background itself. This is done using a series of observations at radio-telescopes in the USA and elsewhere. Many of the measurements relate to the 'shadows' cast on the microwave background by clusters of galaxies. Extensive radio and optical studies of those clusters, to understand their masses and to gain insights into how they formed, are also a significant part of our work. Our work on active galaxies, which host very massive black holes in their nuclei, is principally done using orbiting X-ray telescopes, but to understand the physics of the emission it is essential to see also the emission in the radio, infra-red, and optical bands. Here again Group members make extensive use of telescopes world-wide, from the radio interferometers in Australia to optical telescopes in Chile. Small-scale models of these active galaxies can be found in our own Galaxy, in black hole systems with masses a few times the mass of the Sun. Work on these systems is done in the same way as for the active galaxies, with the extra requirement to follow rapid changes in the brightness of emission from matter near the black holes that tell us about the physics of the infall of matter and the associated ejection of high-speed flows. A unifying thread of our extragalactic work is on how structure in the Universe forms and changes over time. A large fraction of our observing is therefore dedicated to finding and characterizing the earliest galaxies and clusters, and then seeing how the most distant galaxies and clusters differ from those closer to us, which are therefore seen later in the life of the Universe, and so are older. A wide range of ground-based telescopes has to be used in this work, from the radio to the optical, with much of the work using the telescopes of the European Southern Observatory in Chile. Nearby galaxies can be studied in more detail than the more distant ones, and we also look at the populations of galaxies nearby - especially those of the lowest mass, which dominate the galaxy population by number, and have properties that can be quite different from their more massive cousins. Finally, we also work on our own Galaxy, looking at the gas between the stars, which has been heated by supernovae or young stars, and at the dense lumps of gas that emit coherent (maser) radiation.

Organisations


Publications


10 25 50
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Bliss A (2009) UNMASKING THE ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS IN PKS J2310-437 in The Astrophysical Journal

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Bremer M (2010) A redshift survey towards the cosmic microwave background cold spot in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters


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Davies L (2010) Limits on the molecular gas content of z~ 5 LBGs in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters

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Rodriguez-Gil P (2009) Confirmation of nova M31 2009-08d in The Astronomer's Telegram

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Rodriguez-Gil P (2009) Erratum to ATel #2166 in The Astronomer's Telegram

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Sabin L (2014) First release of the IPHAS catalogue of new extended planetary nebulae in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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Stanway E (2010) Constraining the molecular gas in the environs of a z~ 8 gamma-ray burst host galaxy in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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Stanway E (2010) Constraining the thermal dust content of Lyman break galaxies in an overdense field at z˜ 5 in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters

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Stanway E (2010) Low radio-derived star formation rates in z < 0.5 gamma-ray burst host galaxies in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters

 
Description This grant provided for travel to undertake a variety of observations on the world's most important telescopes. Results from those observations include new information on how relativistic flows can be deflected by gas clouds, on the nature of compact and dwarf galaxies, and on the gas contents of the first galaxies in the Universe.
Exploitation Route Data gained through this grant have been used in a number of publications, most immediately those referenced later. Students and PDRAs trained through observing on trips with their supervisors are now working in industry, or in University posts (in the UK, Australia, or elsewhere).
Sectors Education
 
Description This grant provided travel funding for staff members and PDRAs to visit major observatories. Data returned from those observations were used in a number of papers, and also helped in the training of several STFC-supported research students and PDRAs. Expertise gained through this travel has also made staff members at Bristol far better at gaining time on those observatories, through deepening their understanding of the instruments and data.
First Year Of Impact 2010
Sector Education,Other
Impact Types Cultural
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Australian Astronomical Observatory (AAO)
Country Australia, Commonwealth of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Australian National University (ANU)
Department Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics
Country Australia, Commonwealth of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Cardiff University
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS)
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO)
Country Chile, Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation College of Science
Department Physics and Astronomy
Country New Zealand 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Department of Physics
Department Astrophysics Group
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Durham University
Department Institute for Computational Cosmology
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation European Southern Observatory (ESO)
Country Germany, Federal Republic of 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Leiden University
Department Leiden Observatory
Country Netherlands, Kingdom of the 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Liverpool John Moores University
Department Astrophysics Research Institute
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Mathematical, Physical & Life Sciences Division
Department Department of Physics; University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics
Country Germany, Federal Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Monash University
Department School of Physics
Country Australia, Commonwealth of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Queen Mary University of London (QMUL)
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Swinburne University of Technology
Department Centre for Astronomy and Supercomputing
Country Australia, Commonwealth of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Barcelona (UB)
Department Institute for Space Studies of Catalonia (IEEC)
Country Spain, Kingdom of 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of British Columbia (UBC)
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Central Lancashire
Department Jeremiah Horrocks Institute for Mathematics, Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department Institute for Astronomy
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Heidelberg
Department Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics
Country Germany, Federal Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Department School of Physics and Astronomy Nottingham
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Portsmouth
Department Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation (ICG)
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Sao Paulo
Department Institute Of Astronomy
Country Brazil, Federative Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of St Andrews
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Sussex
Department Astronomy Centre
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Sydney
Department Sydney Institute for Astronomy
Country Australia, Commonwealth of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Waterloo
Department Department of Physics & Astronomy
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Western Australia
Department International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR)
Country Australia, Commonwealth of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of the Western Cape
Department Department of Physics
Country South Africa, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description Public lectures and science cafes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Multiple public talks to astronomy societies and other organisations, also Science Cafes and other groups (e.g., Anglo-Polish society).

Activities tended to go on to time limit because of question-and-answer sessions, and have generated eMail questions after the fact from attendees. Continued requests for talks and other contacts based on experiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009,2010