Consolidated Grant in Solar and Plasma Astrophysics

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: School of Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

The physics of plasmas - particularly magnetised plasmas - dictates the behaviour of much of the visible universe, from the outer layers of the Sun to the furthest reaches of the observable cosmos. In this proposal, we focus on several key unsolved problems in solar and plasma astrophysics that are also prototypes for a wider and deeper understanding of cosmic plasmas as a whole. These are: how do high-energy radiating particles behave in solar flares and in interplanetary space? How are they accelerated, are they beamed and do they play a key role in flares and their terrestrial impact? How does the Sun store and release energy in its magnetised atmosphere, and how can we learn about this process by studying the radiation from low in its atmosphere? In the Sun and the wider Universe, electric fields arise spontaneously from collective plasma dynamics and we will look at how these can lead to multiple acceleration sites, energetic particles and ionisation fronts, particularly when constrained by geometry or magnetic fields.

Our programme combines observational data with theoretical and numerical modelling, and spans a wide range of astronomical and technical problems, from the modeling of the path of radiation in a plasma to high-energy particle acceleration; from electromagnetic waves to relativistic particle beams; from image processing to statistical analysis of weak signals. We will bring all these skills to bear on astronomical questions at the heart of current efforts to better understand the universe.

Planned Impact

All Co-Is on the grant are involved in trying to ensure that our STFC-funded research efforts are used to the wider benefit of society, through commercial applications, reaching out to cognate disciplines, engagement with policy-makers and an extremely active schools and public outreach programme.

We are actively involved, and contribute to the agendas of, with several initiatives in space weather and sensors, both internal and external to Glasgow University. This included an STFC-funded space weather network. We have received University support for joint projects with the Schools of Engineering and Statistics, which has led to significant cross-disciplinary discussions, shortly to be supported by a PhD student.

We have demonstrated through the STFC Follow-on Funding grant arising from the previous rolling grant award that our work in low-temperature plasma flows has substantial commercial applications (ozone generation in air), for use in the food and potentially the medical technology industries as it provides a means of sterilisation (ozone) without requiring heating. We have obtained commercial investment to exploit this, resulting in the formation of a new company (Anacail Ltd.) We continue working with our Research and Enterprise Division to identify exploitable IP in our research output. We note that our plasma electrostatics work also has application in tokamak solid-pellet injection processes - critical for ITER - as well as plasma-surface interactions in general. We have a track-record of exploiting such spin-offs commercially

Our research, and the involvement that it brings us with high profile projects and missions, will benefit the public. As can be seen from our extensive list of outreach activities we are extremely active in communicating our work through public events, talks to science centres and societies, science-art projects. Plans are in place for several new initiatives as well as continuing the programme of talks, observatory visits, observing nights etc which are co-ordinated by the group secretary and run by group members (note, we have an 'Outreach' website at: http://www.astro.gla.ac.uk/outreach/index.php which acts as a single point of contact for all outreach requests). We strongly encourage the involvement of our RAs and particularly our PhD students in this activity as well, ensuring a lively and continued programme. Keeping at the forefront of our respective research areas ensures that we remain credible speakers for the public, as evidenced by many repeat invitations. We are also closely involved with schools activities, giving many talks, planetarium shows, and running projects school-specific projects. This activity is undertaken by staff and PhD students alike and is co-ordinated as above via our outreach website and group secretary.

Organisations

Publications


10 25 50
Bian Nicolas H. (2017) The Role of Diffusion in the Transport of Energetic Electrons during Solar Flares in The Astrophysical Journal
Brown John C. (2015) Destruction and Observational Signatures of Sun-impacting Comets in The Astrophysical Journal
Brown S (2016) Doppler speeds of the hydrogen Lyman lines in solar flares from EVE in Astronomy & Astrophysics
 
Title "Escape Speed" 
Description Collaboration with Playwright Lynsey Murdoch on astro and magic content of various plays including June 25 "Escape Speed" - Premier in Aberdeen Lemon Tree 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact event has not yet taken place 
 
Description We work on observations and theory of solar flares, which are dramatic energy release events in the Sun's magnetic atmosphere, and of solar prominence which are clouds of cool dense plasma 'levitated' above the solar surface by magnetic fields.

Our work has led to a number of key findings;

We have been using observations from space-based telescopes - IRIS, Hinode and SDO - to track the variation of plasma temperature in the solar atmosphere during a flare, to try and understand how energy that is released in the corona travels into the rest of the atmosphere and creates the radiation that we see. We have discovered that parts of the solar chromosphere become unexpectedly hot during flares, and that the ions are heated more than the electrons, which may give clues about the heating process. We have shown that the very deepest parts of the solar atmosphere that are heated during a flare could be caused by magnetic waves travelling along the magnetic field during a flare, carrying energy deep down into the atmosphere.

We have also been working on improving techniques to deduce the total energy contained in fast electrons in the flaring atmospheres, by looking at the high energy radiation that they are responsible for in different parts of the electromagnetic spectrum and with different telescopes. We have explored the question of why the electrons are accelerated in the first place, and show how they can pick up energy by `surfing' on waves of electromagnetic energy, or by interacting with a complex, changing magnetic field. Our results have been used to explain the properties of the X-ray and ultraviolet radiation spectrum emitted by a solar flare and observed by the RHESSI and SDO spacecraft.

Our work on solar flare radiation also extends to the radio spectrum, where we have made observations with the LOFAR radio array, studying the development of the emission on the shortest ever timescales observed, looking at variations taking place within tens of milliseconds. We have created computer models of how this radio emission is produced, by fast beams of electrons moving along the magnetic fields that permeate solar corona, extend into interplanetary space, and have worked out how to deduce the properties of those electron beams from the radio emission that they generate. These electrons are the same electrons as are emitting the X-ray emission, so there is a natural synergy between the work.

Electrons are not the only subatomic particles accelerated during flares. We are also examining the properties of flare ions, which undergo nuclear interact in the solar atmosphere to produce gamma-ray radiation. This incorporates knowledge from nuclear physics obtained in the laboratory, and uses the most up-to-date nuclear physics software. We have worked out how not only the energy of the ions, but also their direction, can be deduced from the nuclear gamma-rays that they emit


We have made observations of towers of plasma in the solar atmosphere, known as 'solar tornados' (though the reason that they form is quite different from on Earth). Indeed, using data from the IRIS spacecraft, and also ground-based measurements of the magnetic field, we have worked out that an interpretation in terms of a spinning gas is probably incorrect. We have also worked out a new way to indirectly measure the gas pressure in structures that erupt from the Sun
Exploitation Route Our research will be expanded upon in subsequent grants; each question stimulates more, which require new observations and theoretical development. Our investigations include basic techniques and theoretical developments in astrophysical plasmas which can be incorporated in other numerical models. Our observational discoveries motivate refined observing plans to address new aspects of the problems. Investigations so far have been targeted at exploiting new, large observing facilities such as the Solar Orbiter (where our work on electrons in the heliosphere will be used to interpret both particle and radiation signatures) and the Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope and ALMA where what we have learned about the physics of the lower solar atmosphere during flares and in prominences will help decide the optimum observing strategies for this new and exciting facility.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Other
URL http://www.astro.gla.ac.uk/?page_id=865
 
Description Our work with space missions has made us core members of 'Space Glasgow', a research cluster bringing together Glasgow University academics with expertise spanning astronomy, physics, planetary science, aerospace and satellite systems engineering. Space Glasgow is working with key organisations globally to expand knowledge and expertise in space science, technology and engineering. Space Glasgow provides an excellent opportunity to interact with industry and government representatives, and alert them to relevant parts of our solar research portfolio. Working with UK institutions, companies, and government, Kontar was one of the co-founders of the "Space wEather REsearch Network (SEREN) - securing UK space weather capabilities" (P.I. M. Hapgood), set up in response to the STFC call for "Global Challenge Networks". It supports UK-wide interactions between STFC-funded solar and heliospheric researchers, and science, technology and industry groups united by the challenge of space weather. It continues to be a key platform for exchange and collaboration. (e.g. workshop in Feb 2016). Fletcher is a member of the University's Sensor Systems Network, and co-supervises a PhD student with colleagues in Space Systems Engineering and Statistics, on the design of small satellite sensor networks for space weather monitoring, where she brings solar and space-weather knowledge to this multi-disciplinary project. The work has been presented at European Space Weather Week 2014, the RAS and the 2015 Research Students Conference in Probability and Statistics. Our research work in solar physics is also the primary resource and motivator for our comprehensive outreach activity. This work engages with members of the public, schoolchildren, undergraduate and postgraduate students, and all participants supported on this grant participate in this activity at some level. Over the course of a year, our presentations, workshops and contributions to curriculum development expose many hundreds of people to our work.
First Year Of Impact 2012
Sector Education,Environment,Other
Impact Types Societal
 
Description Detector Development for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope
Amount £42,129 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/L006200/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 06/2014 
End 05/2018
 
Description RAS summer undergraduate research project 2016 (Kontar)
Amount £1,200 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Astronomical Society 
Sector Learned Society
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 07/2016 
End 09/2016
 
Description RAS summer undergraduate research project 2016 (Labrosse)
Amount £1,200 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Astronomical Society 
Sector Learned Society
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 07/2016 
End 09/2016
 
Description RAS summer undergraduate research project 2016 (jeffreys)
Amount £1,200 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Astronomical Society 
Sector Learned Society
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 07/2016 
End 09/2016
 
Description Royal Society Newton Fund
Amount £11,400 (GBP)
Funding ID NI140209 
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 03/2015 
End 02/2017
 
Description Solar radio imaging of fine structures with LOFAR
Amount £122,000 (GBP)
Organisation Defence Science & Technology Laboratory (DSTL) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2020
 
Title LOFAR Solar tied-array imaging 
Description used LOFAR in a tied-array mode that is normally used by the Pulsar community but this is first application to the Sun. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Paper submitted on LOFAR solar data, also LOFAR paper on commissioning data 
 
Title Regularised inversion of EUV data 
Description Method for determining the differential emission measure of optically-thin solar plasmas 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The method has been employed in at least 30 subsequent refereed journal publications (between 02/2012 and 12/2015) 
URL http://www.astro.gla.ac.uk/%7Eiain/demreg/
 
Description Characterization of Sunquake Signatures in Terms of Energy and Momentum, and Their Relationship with the Flare Impulsive Phase 
Organisation Stanford University
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution X-ray solar flare emission expertise
Collaborator Contribution expertise in the physics of solar flares
Impact publications
Start Year 2013
 
Description Columbia University 
Organisation Columbia University
Department Department of Physics
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Input on fitting and characterisation of non-Gaussian spectral lines in EUV solar spectra
Collaborator Contribution Input on theory of generation of non-Gaussian spectral lines in EUV solar spectra
Impact none yet. Papers expected
Start Year 2017
 
Description F-CHROMA: Flare Chromospheres - Observations, Models and Archives 
Organisation Astronomical Institute of Czech Academy of Sciences
Country Czech Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a 7-institute EC FP7 grant. Glasgow leads the project overall, and also leads one scientific workpackate
Collaborator Contribution The other 6 institutes each lead a different workpackage
Impact Has only just started, no concrete outcomes yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description F-CHROMA: Flare Chromospheres - Observations, Models and Archives 
Organisation National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF)
Country Italy, Italian Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a 7-institute EC FP7 grant. Glasgow leads the project overall, and also leads one scientific workpackate
Collaborator Contribution The other 6 institutes each lead a different workpackage
Impact Has only just started, no concrete outcomes yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description F-CHROMA: Flare Chromospheres - Observations, Models and Archives 
Organisation Queen's University of Belfast
Department School of Mathematics and Physics
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a 7-institute EC FP7 grant. Glasgow leads the project overall, and also leads one scientific workpackate
Collaborator Contribution The other 6 institutes each lead a different workpackage
Impact Has only just started, no concrete outcomes yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description F-CHROMA: Flare Chromospheres - Observations, Models and Archives 
Organisation The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Department Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics
Country Norway, Kingdom of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a 7-institute EC FP7 grant. Glasgow leads the project overall, and also leads one scientific workpackate
Collaborator Contribution The other 6 institutes each lead a different workpackage
Impact Has only just started, no concrete outcomes yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description F-CHROMA: Flare Chromospheres - Observations, Models and Archives 
Organisation University of Catania
Department Department of Physics and Astronomy
Country Italy, Italian Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a 7-institute EC FP7 grant. Glasgow leads the project overall, and also leads one scientific workpackate
Collaborator Contribution The other 6 institutes each lead a different workpackage
Impact Has only just started, no concrete outcomes yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description F-CHROMA: Flare Chromospheres - Observations, Models and Archives 
Organisation University of Wroclaw
Department Faculty of Physics and Astronomy
Country Poland, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a 7-institute EC FP7 grant. Glasgow leads the project overall, and also leads one scientific workpackate
Collaborator Contribution The other 6 institutes each lead a different workpackage
Impact Has only just started, no concrete outcomes yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description Glasgow-Meudon-Toulouse Prominences 
Organisation Research Institute in Astrophysics and Planetology IRAP
Country France, French Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Glasgow team carries out multi-wavelength data analysis of IRIS and H-alpha data, and gives modelling input
Collaborator Contribution The Meudon and Toulouse team carry out the spectropolarimetric inversions to get magnetic fields, and carry out other ground-based data analysis.
Impact There have been two refereed papers which are reported in the publications section (others are in preparation). DOI 10.3847/0004-637X/818/1/31 and DOI 10.1051/0004-6361/201425586 There have also been two successful applications for observing time under the EC-funded SOLARNET project.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Glasgow-Meudon-Toulouse Prominences 
Organisation University of Paris VII: Denis Diderot (Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7)
Department Observatoire de Paris
Country France, French Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Glasgow team carries out multi-wavelength data analysis of IRIS and H-alpha data, and gives modelling input
Collaborator Contribution The Meudon and Toulouse team carry out the spectropolarimetric inversions to get magnetic fields, and carry out other ground-based data analysis.
Impact There have been two refereed papers which are reported in the publications section (others are in preparation). DOI 10.3847/0004-637X/818/1/31 and DOI 10.1051/0004-6361/201425586 There have also been two successful applications for observing time under the EC-funded SOLARNET project.
Start Year 2014
 
Description IISER - Glasgow Collaboration 
Organisation IISER Pune
Country India, Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The Glasgow group will carry out X-ray observations of the sun, notably with the award-winning NASA mission RHESSI (Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager
Collaborator Contribution The Pune scientists will carry out radio studies of the Sun
Impact none yet (papers in preparation)
Start Year 2015
 
Description ISSI Team on "Energetic Ions: The Elusive Component of Solar Flares" 
Organisation Drake University
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This was an International Team hosted by the International Space Sciences Institute (ISSI), Bern, Switzerland. MacKinnon identified the Team members and led the writing of the successful proposal to ISSI. Two meetings of this team took place at ISSI: 1 - 5 February and 24 - 28 October. MacKinnon led these meetings, identifying themes, etc., and structuring and leading the Team discussions. Glasgow team members Hudson and Simoes joined this Team and made essential contributions to its work, particularly in the areas of multi-wavelength observations of solar phenomena.
Collaborator Contribution The Team included members from: California Institute of Technology, USA; University of Pisa, Italy; University of Glasgow, UK; University of Turku, Finland; Observatoire de Paris, France; University of Genoa, Italy; Drake University, USA; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA. Participants brought unique and complementary expertise, contributing as appropriate to the work of the Team as it sought to answer key questions regarding the presence and role of fast ions in flares.
Impact two concrete outcomes so far: - several Team members contributed to the proposal of a solar high energy space mission, in response to a NASA/JAXA call for white papers on Next Generation Solar Physics missions - proposal submitted to the Lorentz Centre (Netherlands) for a further Workshop on understanding high-energy ion acceleration in solar flares, to continue this aspect of the Team's work Journal articles in preparation.
Start Year 2015
 
Description ISSI Team on "Energetic Ions: The Elusive Component of Solar Flares" 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department Goddard Space Flight Center
Country United States of America 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution This was an International Team hosted by the International Space Sciences Institute (ISSI), Bern, Switzerland. MacKinnon identified the Team members and led the writing of the successful proposal to ISSI. Two meetings of this team took place at ISSI: 1 - 5 February and 24 - 28 October. MacKinnon led these meetings, identifying themes, etc., and structuring and leading the Team discussions. Glasgow team members Hudson and Simoes joined this Team and made essential contributions to its work, particularly in the areas of multi-wavelength observations of solar phenomena.
Collaborator Contribution The Team included members from: California Institute of Technology, USA; University of Pisa, Italy; University of Glasgow, UK; University of Turku, Finland; Observatoire de Paris, France; University of Genoa, Italy; Drake University, USA; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA. Participants brought unique and complementary expertise, contributing as appropriate to the work of the Team as it sought to answer key questions regarding the presence and role of fast ions in flares.
Impact two concrete outcomes so far: - several Team members contributed to the proposal of a solar high energy space mission, in response to a NASA/JAXA call for white papers on Next Generation Solar Physics missions - proposal submitted to the Lorentz Centre (Netherlands) for a further Workshop on understanding high-energy ion acceleration in solar flares, to continue this aspect of the Team's work Journal articles in preparation.
Start Year 2015
 
Description ISSI Team on "Energetic Ions: The Elusive Component of Solar Flares" 
Organisation University of Applied Sciences Nordwestschweiz
Country Switzerland, Swiss Confederation 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This was an International Team hosted by the International Space Sciences Institute (ISSI), Bern, Switzerland. MacKinnon identified the Team members and led the writing of the successful proposal to ISSI. Two meetings of this team took place at ISSI: 1 - 5 February and 24 - 28 October. MacKinnon led these meetings, identifying themes, etc., and structuring and leading the Team discussions. Glasgow team members Hudson and Simoes joined this Team and made essential contributions to its work, particularly in the areas of multi-wavelength observations of solar phenomena.
Collaborator Contribution The Team included members from: California Institute of Technology, USA; University of Pisa, Italy; University of Glasgow, UK; University of Turku, Finland; Observatoire de Paris, France; University of Genoa, Italy; Drake University, USA; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA. Participants brought unique and complementary expertise, contributing as appropriate to the work of the Team as it sought to answer key questions regarding the presence and role of fast ions in flares.
Impact two concrete outcomes so far: - several Team members contributed to the proposal of a solar high energy space mission, in response to a NASA/JAXA call for white papers on Next Generation Solar Physics missions - proposal submitted to the Lorentz Centre (Netherlands) for a further Workshop on understanding high-energy ion acceleration in solar flares, to continue this aspect of the Team's work Journal articles in preparation.
Start Year 2015
 
Description ISSI Team on "Energetic Ions: The Elusive Component of Solar Flares" 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This was an International Team hosted by the International Space Sciences Institute (ISSI), Bern, Switzerland. MacKinnon identified the Team members and led the writing of the successful proposal to ISSI. Two meetings of this team took place at ISSI: 1 - 5 February and 24 - 28 October. MacKinnon led these meetings, identifying themes, etc., and structuring and leading the Team discussions. Glasgow team members Hudson and Simoes joined this Team and made essential contributions to its work, particularly in the areas of multi-wavelength observations of solar phenomena.
Collaborator Contribution The Team included members from: California Institute of Technology, USA; University of Pisa, Italy; University of Glasgow, UK; University of Turku, Finland; Observatoire de Paris, France; University of Genoa, Italy; Drake University, USA; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA. Participants brought unique and complementary expertise, contributing as appropriate to the work of the Team as it sought to answer key questions regarding the presence and role of fast ions in flares.
Impact two concrete outcomes so far: - several Team members contributed to the proposal of a solar high energy space mission, in response to a NASA/JAXA call for white papers on Next Generation Solar Physics missions - proposal submitted to the Lorentz Centre (Netherlands) for a further Workshop on understanding high-energy ion acceleration in solar flares, to continue this aspect of the Team's work Journal articles in preparation.
Start Year 2015
 
Description ISSI Team on "Energetic Ions: The Elusive Component of Solar Flares" 
Organisation University of Genoa
Country Italy, Italian Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This was an International Team hosted by the International Space Sciences Institute (ISSI), Bern, Switzerland. MacKinnon identified the Team members and led the writing of the successful proposal to ISSI. Two meetings of this team took place at ISSI: 1 - 5 February and 24 - 28 October. MacKinnon led these meetings, identifying themes, etc., and structuring and leading the Team discussions. Glasgow team members Hudson and Simoes joined this Team and made essential contributions to its work, particularly in the areas of multi-wavelength observations of solar phenomena.
Collaborator Contribution The Team included members from: California Institute of Technology, USA; University of Pisa, Italy; University of Glasgow, UK; University of Turku, Finland; Observatoire de Paris, France; University of Genoa, Italy; Drake University, USA; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA. Participants brought unique and complementary expertise, contributing as appropriate to the work of the Team as it sought to answer key questions regarding the presence and role of fast ions in flares.
Impact two concrete outcomes so far: - several Team members contributed to the proposal of a solar high energy space mission, in response to a NASA/JAXA call for white papers on Next Generation Solar Physics missions - proposal submitted to the Lorentz Centre (Netherlands) for a further Workshop on understanding high-energy ion acceleration in solar flares, to continue this aspect of the Team's work Journal articles in preparation.
Start Year 2015
 
Description ISSI Team on "Energetic Ions: The Elusive Component of Solar Flares" 
Organisation University of Paris VII: Denis Diderot (Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7)
Department Observatoire de Paris
Country France, French Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This was an International Team hosted by the International Space Sciences Institute (ISSI), Bern, Switzerland. MacKinnon identified the Team members and led the writing of the successful proposal to ISSI. Two meetings of this team took place at ISSI: 1 - 5 February and 24 - 28 October. MacKinnon led these meetings, identifying themes, etc., and structuring and leading the Team discussions. Glasgow team members Hudson and Simoes joined this Team and made essential contributions to its work, particularly in the areas of multi-wavelength observations of solar phenomena.
Collaborator Contribution The Team included members from: California Institute of Technology, USA; University of Pisa, Italy; University of Glasgow, UK; University of Turku, Finland; Observatoire de Paris, France; University of Genoa, Italy; Drake University, USA; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA. Participants brought unique and complementary expertise, contributing as appropriate to the work of the Team as it sought to answer key questions regarding the presence and role of fast ions in flares.
Impact two concrete outcomes so far: - several Team members contributed to the proposal of a solar high energy space mission, in response to a NASA/JAXA call for white papers on Next Generation Solar Physics missions - proposal submitted to the Lorentz Centre (Netherlands) for a further Workshop on understanding high-energy ion acceleration in solar flares, to continue this aspect of the Team's work Journal articles in preparation.
Start Year 2015
 
Description ISSI Team on "Energetic Ions: The Elusive Component of Solar Flares" 
Organisation University of Pisa (Università di Pisa)
Country Italy, Italian Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This was an International Team hosted by the International Space Sciences Institute (ISSI), Bern, Switzerland. MacKinnon identified the Team members and led the writing of the successful proposal to ISSI. Two meetings of this team took place at ISSI: 1 - 5 February and 24 - 28 October. MacKinnon led these meetings, identifying themes, etc., and structuring and leading the Team discussions. Glasgow team members Hudson and Simoes joined this Team and made essential contributions to its work, particularly in the areas of multi-wavelength observations of solar phenomena.
Collaborator Contribution The Team included members from: California Institute of Technology, USA; University of Pisa, Italy; University of Glasgow, UK; University of Turku, Finland; Observatoire de Paris, France; University of Genoa, Italy; Drake University, USA; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA. Participants brought unique and complementary expertise, contributing as appropriate to the work of the Team as it sought to answer key questions regarding the presence and role of fast ions in flares.
Impact two concrete outcomes so far: - several Team members contributed to the proposal of a solar high energy space mission, in response to a NASA/JAXA call for white papers on Next Generation Solar Physics missions - proposal submitted to the Lorentz Centre (Netherlands) for a further Workshop on understanding high-energy ion acceleration in solar flares, to continue this aspect of the Team's work Journal articles in preparation.
Start Year 2015
 
Description ISSI Team on "Energetic Ions: The Elusive Component of Solar Flares" 
Organisation University of Turku
Country Finland, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This was an International Team hosted by the International Space Sciences Institute (ISSI), Bern, Switzerland. MacKinnon identified the Team members and led the writing of the successful proposal to ISSI. Two meetings of this team took place at ISSI: 1 - 5 February and 24 - 28 October. MacKinnon led these meetings, identifying themes, etc., and structuring and leading the Team discussions. Glasgow team members Hudson and Simoes joined this Team and made essential contributions to its work, particularly in the areas of multi-wavelength observations of solar phenomena.
Collaborator Contribution The Team included members from: California Institute of Technology, USA; University of Pisa, Italy; University of Glasgow, UK; University of Turku, Finland; Observatoire de Paris, France; University of Genoa, Italy; Drake University, USA; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA. Participants brought unique and complementary expertise, contributing as appropriate to the work of the Team as it sought to answer key questions regarding the presence and role of fast ions in flares.
Impact two concrete outcomes so far: - several Team members contributed to the proposal of a solar high energy space mission, in response to a NASA/JAXA call for white papers on Next Generation Solar Physics missions - proposal submitted to the Lorentz Centre (Netherlands) for a further Workshop on understanding high-energy ion acceleration in solar flares, to continue this aspect of the Team's work Journal articles in preparation.
Start Year 2015
 
Description ISSI Team on Particle Acceleration in Solar Flares and Terrestrial Substorms 
Organisation Nagoya University
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I provide solar data and theoretical ideas
Collaborator Contribution This is a team held at the International Space Science Institute in Bern. All participants bring their relevant expertise to the table, in solar observations and theory, magnetospheric observations and theory. We work together to bridge the gaps between the disciplines and learn from one another
Impact None yet. Collaboration has only just started.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ISSI Team on Particle Acceleration in Solar Flares and Terrestrial Substorms 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I provide solar data and theoretical ideas
Collaborator Contribution This is a team held at the International Space Science Institute in Bern. All participants bring their relevant expertise to the table, in solar observations and theory, magnetospheric observations and theory. We work together to bridge the gaps between the disciplines and learn from one another
Impact None yet. Collaboration has only just started.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ISSI Team on Particle Acceleration in Solar Flares and Terrestrial Substorms 
Organisation University of Sydney
Country Australia, Commonwealth of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I provide solar data and theoretical ideas
Collaborator Contribution This is a team held at the International Space Science Institute in Bern. All participants bring their relevant expertise to the table, in solar observations and theory, magnetospheric observations and theory. We work together to bridge the gaps between the disciplines and learn from one another
Impact None yet. Collaboration has only just started.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation Arcetri Observatory
Country Italy, Italian Republic 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation George Mason University
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation Lockheed Martin
Country United States of America 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research
Country Germany, Federal Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation Princeton University
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation University of Dundee
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation University of Leuven
Country Belgium, Kingdom of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation University of Reading
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation University of Sydney
Country Australia, Commonwealth of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation California Institute of Technology
Department Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Country United States of America 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation Johns Hopkins University
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation Lowell Observatory
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research
Country Germany, Federal Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF)
Country Italy, Italian Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation Queen's University of Belfast
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation Southwest Research Institute (SwRI)
Country United States of America 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation University College London (UCL)
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description MSSL Collaboration 
Organisation University College London (UCL)
Department Mullard Space Science Laboratory
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are providing radio observations and theoretical interpretation
Collaborator Contribution The partners are providing other multi-wavelength observations
Impact n/a
Start Year 2016
 
Description Physics of Comet-Sun impacts 
Organisation California Institute of Technology
Department Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Country United States of America 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Theory and data search
Collaborator Contribution Numerical simulations and data provision
Impact Refereed papers, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description Physics of Comet-Sun impacts 
Organisation Lockheed Martin
Department Space Sciences Lab
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Theory and data search
Collaborator Contribution Numerical simulations and data provision
Impact Refereed papers, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description Physics of Comet-Sun impacts 
Organisation University College London (UCL)
Department Department of Physics & Astronomy
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Theory and data search
Collaborator Contribution Numerical simulations and data provision
Impact Refereed papers, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description Physics of Comet-Sun impacts 
Organisation University of Uppsala (Uppsala universitet)
Department Department of Physics and Astronomy (Institutionen för fysik och astronomi)
Country Sweden, Kingdom of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Theory and data search
Collaborator Contribution Numerical simulations and data provision
Impact Refereed papers, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description Probing particle energization and transport in flares with imaging spectroscopy and observation-based 3D modeling 
Organisation New Jersey Institute of Technology
Department Department of Physics
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise in X-ray modelling and analysis
Collaborator Contribution 3D interactive tool development
Impact a number of publications
Start Year 2014
 
Description RS Newton Fund Brazil 
Organisation Mackenzie Presbyterian University, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Country Brazil, Federative Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research contribution - using the nuclear transport code FLUKA to calculate distributions of secondary positrons and electrons from the sort of energetic ion distributions revealed in solar flares by their gamma-radiation
Collaborator Contribution Research contribution- calculating the synchrotron fluxes expected from the particles and assess observability with ALMA and Brazilian/Argentinian Solar Sub-mm Telescope
Impact None yet
Start Year 2015
 
Description UK DKIST consortium 
Organisation Aberystwyth University
Department Institute of Mathematics and Physics
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We lead a work package
Collaborator Contribution They lead, and work on, other work packages
Impact Building cameras for a new solar telescope (WP1) Developing data analysis tools and pipelines (WP2) Arranging community meetings, presentations,help with developing observing proposals (WP3)
Start Year 2015
 
Description UK DKIST consortium 
Organisation Andor Technology
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We lead a work package
Collaborator Contribution They lead, and work on, other work packages
Impact Building cameras for a new solar telescope (WP1) Developing data analysis tools and pipelines (WP2) Arranging community meetings, presentations,help with developing observing proposals (WP3)
Start Year 2015
 
Description UK DKIST consortium 
Organisation Armagh Observatory
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We lead a work package
Collaborator Contribution They lead, and work on, other work packages
Impact Building cameras for a new solar telescope (WP1) Developing data analysis tools and pipelines (WP2) Arranging community meetings, presentations,help with developing observing proposals (WP3)
Start Year 2015
 
Description UK DKIST consortium 
Organisation Queen's University of Belfast
Department School of Mathematics and Physics
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We lead a work package
Collaborator Contribution They lead, and work on, other work packages
Impact Building cameras for a new solar telescope (WP1) Developing data analysis tools and pipelines (WP2) Arranging community meetings, presentations,help with developing observing proposals (WP3)
Start Year 2015
 
Description UK DKIST consortium 
Organisation University College London (UCL)
Department Department of Space and Climate Physics (MSSL)
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We lead a work package
Collaborator Contribution They lead, and work on, other work packages
Impact Building cameras for a new solar telescope (WP1) Developing data analysis tools and pipelines (WP2) Arranging community meetings, presentations,help with developing observing proposals (WP3)
Start Year 2015
 
Description UK DKIST consortium 
Organisation University of Northumbria
Department Physics and Electrical Engineering
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We lead a work package
Collaborator Contribution They lead, and work on, other work packages
Impact Building cameras for a new solar telescope (WP1) Developing data analysis tools and pipelines (WP2) Arranging community meetings, presentations,help with developing observing proposals (WP3)
Start Year 2015
 
Description UK DKIST consortium 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We lead a work package
Collaborator Contribution They lead, and work on, other work packages
Impact Building cameras for a new solar telescope (WP1) Developing data analysis tools and pipelines (WP2) Arranging community meetings, presentations,help with developing observing proposals (WP3)
Start Year 2015
 
Description UK DKIST consortium 
Organisation University of St Andrews
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We lead a work package
Collaborator Contribution They lead, and work on, other work packages
Impact Building cameras for a new solar telescope (WP1) Developing data analysis tools and pipelines (WP2) Arranging community meetings, presentations,help with developing observing proposals (WP3)
Start Year 2015
 
Description UK DKIST consortium 
Organisation University of Warwick
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We lead a work package
Collaborator Contribution They lead, and work on, other work packages
Impact Building cameras for a new solar telescope (WP1) Developing data analysis tools and pipelines (WP2) Arranging community meetings, presentations,help with developing observing proposals (WP3)
Start Year 2015
 
Description White Dwarf Infall of Comets 
Organisation University of Warwick
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Theoretical input
Collaborator Contribution Theoretical/modeling input
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description X-ray and Radio Diagnostics of Energetic Electrons in Solar Flares 
Organisation International Space Science Institute (ISSI)
Country Switzerland, Swiss Confederation 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research ideas and readership of the team
Collaborator Contribution Ideas and the data processing techniques
Impact joint papers with team members
Start Year 2013
 
Description electron acceleration and transport in solar flares 
Organisation Western Kentucky University
Country United States of America 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution expertise in electron transport
Collaborator Contribution skills and knowledge in particle transport
Impact publications
Start Year 2009
 
Title Electron distributions from X-ray and EUV data 
Description New software for inferring the electron distribution from X-ray observations and EUV observations by simultaneously fitting RHESSI and SDO/AIA data. This yields the spatially integrated electron spectra of a coronal source from less than 0.1 keV up to several tens of keV. The results show that the total energy can only be determined accurately by combining RHESSI and AIA observations. Simultaneously fitting the proposed representation of the kappa-distribution reduces the electron number density in the analyzed flare by a factor of ~30 and the total flare energy by a factor of ~5 compared with the commonly used fitting of RHESSI spectra. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015ApJ...815...73B 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact None yet 
 
Title warm target model 
Description warm target model for X-ray analysis 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact It allows to calculate the energy in non-thermal electrons 
URL https://hesperia.gsfc.nasa.gov/ssw/packages/xray/idl/f_thick_warm.pro
 
Description "Science Outreach" Talks at STFC Summer School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk: on "Science Outreach" at the STFC summer school on Solar System Plasmas, Glasgow University, 16/09/2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Advanced Higher "Particles in Space" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Contribution to conception and planning of an enhancement activity for the new Advanced Higher Physics qualification, addressing "Particles in Space" (cosmic rays, solar activity, Sun-Earth interactions; particles and magnetism). This is one of three activities included in a series of one-day workshops taken by school pupils in S4-S6. Also contributed as a facilitator to deliveries of the workshops on 16/06/15 (East Renfrewshire schools) and 22/09/15 (Inverclyde) - about 200 S4/5/6 pupils in total.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Advisory Committees 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Service on advisory committees for various public events with an astronomy theme: Glasgow Science Centre Planetarium, Mills Observatory, Glasgow Art Collective, Isle of Lewis Cetus Observatory Project, RAS 200 Panel, Chivas Regal Royal Salute Whisky Promotion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Advisory Committees 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Service on advisory committees for various public events with an astronomy theme: Glasgow Science Centre Planetarium, Mills Observatory, Glasgow Art Collective, Isle of Lewis Cetus Observatory Project, RAS 200 Panel, Chivas Regal Royal Salute Whisky Promotion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Ayr Astronomical Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk, "Gamma-ray astronomy of the Sun and Moon", to Ayr Astronomical Society. Talk introduced high-energy studies of solar system phenomena, particularly solar flares. Lively questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Bo'ness Hippodrome Hippfest 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Consultancy and opening talk for Bo'ness Hippodrome Hippfest
Silent Movie Festival
March 19 Opening of Wunder der Schopfung 1925 Astro Documentary
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
 
Description Cafe Scientifique, Inverness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked almost an hour of discussion afterwards, and emailed requests for further information

emailed requests for further information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.abdn.ac.uk/engage/public/cafe-scientifique-inverness-325.php
 
Description Caol Primary school (Highlands) - Cancer Charity fundraiser 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 150 attended. School talk + public talk + Planetarium shows + Stargazing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Crawick Multiverse Event (Fletcher) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation on Solar Flares at a public event organised by the Royal Society of Edinburgh for the opening of a new installation at the Crawick 'Multiverse'. About 70 people attended an afternoon of talks and discussion about the Sun and space weather. Lots of questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bYlDNyf7rfk
 
Description EIS Science Nugget on Measuring flare non-Gaussian velocities using EIS spectroscopy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact popular web article on a results of a research study
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://solarb.mssl.ucl.ac.uk/SolarB/nuggets/nugget_2017jan.jsp
 
Description Explorathon 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Explorathon is the EU researchers' night. It was held in the Glasgow Science Centre. We had a display introducing the ideas behind spectroscopy and solar astronomy. Around 500 people came past, and some hits on a dedicated website were recorded after the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.astro.gla.ac.uk/sun
 
Description French Cafe Scientifique 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We have initiated a Cafe Scientifique, held in French, at the Glasgow Alliance Francaise. It runs monthly with different scientific topics each month. There have been three talks in connection with Glasgow solar work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016
URL http://afglasgow.org.uk/cafe-scientifique-in-february.html
 
Description Glasgow Science Centre Visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact As a part of the STFC summer school (with SUPA support ) we arranged training by public outreach experts of 27 UK PhD students at the Glasgow Science Centre (Sept 2015). Staff from the group also participated in formulating this training
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Highland Astronomical Society Talk (Fletcher) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk about the Sun to the Highland Astronomical Society. About 40 people attended.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description IOP talks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public lectures organised by the IOP Scotland, attended by between 20 and 50 audience members from school age upwards. Lots of questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Inveraray Castle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Duke of Argyll/Royal Salute event. Talk and Stargazing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description IoP sponsored Public Astronomy Day for Intl Year of Light 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact IoP sponsored Public Astronomy Day for Intl Year of Light "The Science and Magic of Light the Universe and Everything"
150 attendees
6 talks, 2 magicians, planetarium shows, meteorite exhibit, solar viewing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description LIGHTtalks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Light talks - spoke about career in solar physics as part of the EU-wide LIGHTtalks International Year of Light presentations, run by SUPA and the IOP Scotland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.europe.light2015.org/Home/Events/2015/LIGHTtalks--Careers-in-Photonics---Scotland.html
 
Description Lochaber to the Cosmos 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk on the work of the Scottish physicist CTR Wilson, the origins of his work in his stay at the Ben Nevis Observatory, early particle and cosmic ray physics, and current aspects of cosmic radiation, including Sun-Earth interaction and space weather. The talk has been given a few times per annum since about 2003, to all sorts of groups, e.g. amateur astronomy societies, church guilds, PROBUS groups, hillwalking clubs, retirement clubs, etc.; many hundreds in total.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
 
Description Orkney Science Festival talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk on 4 September 2016 as part of the Orkney Science Festival, "Lochaber to the Cosmos", on CTR Wilson, Ben Nevis Observatory, beginnings of particle and cosmic-ray physics, Sun-Earth interactions. People attend this festival from the Orkneys, Highlands of Scotland and further afield. Lively conversations afterwards, particularly on history of science and Orkney connections to the Ben Nevis Observatory story.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Pint of Science (Glasgow, Fletcher) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact around 50 people attended a 'pint of science' discussion in the pub about the Sun and Space Weather. Lots of questions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description RHESSI Science nugget on "Solar neutrons observed on the ground and in space" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact short account of recent advances in detection of energetic neutrons following solar flares, and their significance for flare physics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://sprg.ssl.berkeley.edu/~tohban/wiki/index.php/Solar_flare_neutrons_observed_on_the_ground_and_...
 
Description RHESSI Science nugget on high-energy solar phenomena (Hudson and MacKinnon) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact brief account of recent developments in gamma-ray and energetic neutron studies of high-energy phenomena in solar flares
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://sprg.ssl.berkeley.edu/~tohban/wiki/index.php/Solar_Cosmic_Rays,_Neutrons,_and_Fermi_Gamma-Ray...
 
Description Schools mobile planetarium visits 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Every year our PhD students and junior postdocs and occasionally staff take our mobile planetarium out to schools in the region. There are about 6-8 trips a year, reaching typically 100 students at a time.

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
 
Description Space Weather talk at British Astronomical Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The British Astronomical Association holds a large regional meeting once a year, offering a group of expert speakers to the public locally, as well as BAA members who may attend from across the UK. This meeting was held in Dundee in 2016, on 10 September at the Mills Observatory. About 100 people attended. MacKinnon gave a 50-minute talk on "Space Weather". Several conversations afterwards addressed detailed aspects of solar astronomy, Sun-Earth interactions and auroral science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.britastro.org/dundee2016
 
Description Stars Over the Botanics 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Facilitation/discussion/presentations at public observing nights in a local park (Glasgow Botanical Gardens). 3-4 events per year, organised by the Astronomical Society of Glasgow

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009,2010
 
Description Start-up Science Masterclasses 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Group members facilitate, organise and participate in 4 weekly workshops for around 35 junior level secondary school pupils, particularly those from disadvantaged areas, and schools without a tradition of sending students to University,

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
URL http://www.royalsoced.org.uk/784_StartupScienceMasterclasses.html
 
Description Talk (Aberdeen Astronomical Society) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk to Aberdeen Astronomical Society organised at Robert Gordon's College so also attracted a number of school pupils. Lots of discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk to Airdrie Astronomical Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk on 'The X-ray Sun' to an amateur astronomy society
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2016
 
Description Talk to Dumfries Astronomical Society (Reid) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk about solar flares to Dumfries astronomical society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk to Renfrewshire Astronomical Society, "Gamma-ray astronomy of the Sun and Moon" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk on 3 February to Renfrewshire Astronomical Society. Talk aimed to introduce high-energy studies of solar system objects, particularly the Sun, to amateur astronomers. Lively discussion afterwards, with some who had done technical jobs in industry relating particle and magnetic phenomena to workplace experiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talks to Astronomy Societies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Every year, postdoc and staff members of our group give several talks on the Sun and space weather to local and national astronomy societies. Typically there are about 10-12 such talks a year, with audiences between 10 and 40 adults and sometimes children

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
 
Description The Norwood Variations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Astronomical themes influenced a composition (Stella Nova) on this CD (The Norwood Variations) by a local composer. The CD sold out. Over the course of a couple of years, the CD has attracted attention from publications such as the Huffington Post, The Wire and Times Higher
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016
URL http://strangeattractor.co.uk/shoppe/the-norwood-variations-drew-mulholland/
 
Description The Cosmic Way 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The "Cosmic Way roadshow" is a combination of displays and hands-on activities aimed at introducing some basics of particle, nuclear and cosmic-ray physics and Sun-Earth interactions. It also aims to tell the story of CTR Wilson, using biography, history and the Scottish context of these stories as a vehicle for engagement with the underlying scientific ideas. It was developed with funding from the Scottish Government and the Institute of Physics. It has been taken twice to the Fort William Mountain Festival, several times to a "Family Fun Science Day" at Mugdock Country Park near Glasgow, to the Middle of Scotland Science Festival (a pop-up science festival concentrating on isolated, rural locations: Crianlarich, Stirling; Ardfern, Argyll; Rothesay, Isle of Bute), to the CTR Wilson celebration day at the Royal Society of Edinburgh as well as other events and locations across central Scotland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014,2015,2016
URL http://www.gla.ac.uk/schools/education/research/researchprojects/cosmicwayroadshow/
 
Description University of the 3rd Age 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

Emailed requests for further information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://u3asites.org.uk/code/u3asite.php?site=274&page=9383